Analyses of the situation in the area of science and economy covered by the Programme found out:
There is an opportunity to increase the efficiency of research results in practice especially with regarding to the fact that the projects carried out by individual research units have a narrow range
INNOTECH is a support programme of science and enterprise in the implementation of innovative projects in various fields of science and industries, with particular reference to the area of advanced technologies.
There was a need of increase of the share of high-tech products in the income structure
The Foresight method has been successfully applied by the majority of European Union countries. A key element of this method is to predict the possible directions of scientific development by creating a platform of discussion and cooperation between scientific environment, industry and public
Since 1991, the State Committee for Scientific Research (KBN) has been acting as a ministerial-level institution in Poland, responsible for the development and realisation of R&D policy and for supporting the transition process in Poland. As such it was the major central governmental source of funds
TRB was established in 1920 as the National Advisory Board on Highway Research to provide a mechanism for the exchange of information and research results about highway technology. Renamed the Highway Research Board (HRB) in 1925, the organisation accomplished its mission through standing committees
ELMO stands for electromobility in Estonia. The ELMO programme promotes emission free personal transportation and electric cars in order to achieve better city environment, energy efficiency and fuel independence.
The Government of the Republic of Estonia concluded a contract with Mitsubishi
Estonia's transport sector consists of railway, road, maritime, waterways and air transport, as well as pipeline transport and urban electric transport. The communications system consists of postal services and telecommunications.The share of transport and communications sector in GDP accounts for
Poland's first road safety programme was developed in 1972. The Council of Ministers passed a resolution setting out the measures and resources for improving Poland's road safety. The objective was to "ensure safety and order on public roads and reduce and mitigate the effects of road accidents"
In spite of the rapid increase of the motor vehicle fleet, the Estonian road safety level remains as one of the worst in Europe. Comparison of two basic safety indicators with neighbouring countries shows the huge difference: Fatality risk per 100 000 population during the years 1998 -2002 was 16.8