The VBD programme (Villes et Bâtiments Durables) aims at exploring the changing attitude of cities and to transform what is perceived as an environmental burden into an asset, while ensuring the economic viability and social cohesion. VDB is focused on the sustainability of settings and places of
The DGAC plays a central role in the world of air transport. A directorate of the French Ministry of Transport (Ministère des Transports, de l'Equipement, du Tourisme et de la Mer), its foremost missions are to guarantee the safety and security of air transport in French airspace and at airports and
'Transport and economic development' is a strategic research programme within TOI's wider 'Cost benefit analysis' research area. The main objective of the 'Cost benefit analysis' research area is to develop methods and tools for the appraisal of strategic transport plans. This includes the
This sub-programme focuses on NPRA’s strategy for tunnels and follow up issues described in two reports. These reports were written as a consequence of rockfalls in Norwegian road tunnels and reveal the need for improved tunnel maintenance and geological documentation systems. Major issues, such as
Research on comfort and ergonomics cannot be totally dissociated from safety issues. The driver's position, the quality of air temperature or acoustics play a great part in the general comfort of passenger compartment. The overlaps between different modes of transport are developed, which does not
International competition requires the implementation of innovative and environmentally friendly solutions. For years, industry has set quality at the heart of design and production processes. This step must also be applied to transport.
France's rail infrastructure needs to be used in an optimal way in order to ensure the lasting development of the transport system. This includes the direction to follow concerning the development of technologies for rail equipment and high-speed trains. Trains should become cheaper, less noisy and