The VBD programme (Villes et Bâtiments Durables) aims at exploring the changing attitude of cities and to transform what is perceived as an environmental burden into an asset, while ensuring the economic viability and social cohesion. VDB is focused on the sustainability of settings and places of
Past Transport RTD (Research and Technical Development) Programme (2001-2003/04) In compliance with the framework policies and programmes, an RTD programme for transport was prepared in 2001, called 'Optimisation of the Transport System and its Sustainable Development'. The main objective of the
The Operational Transport Programme 2007-2013 largely acts within the objective 'Convergence' of the EU's Cohesion Fund. It also implements important priorities and objectives of the National Transportation Policy in the period of time 2005-2013 of the Czech Republic.
Special attention is paid to
Basic transport research has not developed a comprehensive approach to a variety of factors, which, in practice, influence the behaviour of transportation systems. With regard to basic research, the knowledge base of both general and common models in the field of transportation, telecommunications
The transport sector has a high energy dependency and environmental impacts. It remains a major cause of pollution and noise and has impacts on ecosystems and landscapes. Limiting these problems is of key importance and a requirement of France's international commitments (Kyoto protocol). To achieve
In 1989 ASFA (the association of French toll motorway companies) launched the "Traffic" programme to follow-up traffic matters. In 1993 this group was enlarged and a "Groupe de travail économie" was created. It focused not only on traffic but also on all fields of transport economics: cost-benefit