PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
The role of the Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration (IRCA) is to oversee the country’s transport system on land and sea, in the best way possible with a view to society’s needs, the safety of users of the system and environmental considerations. Research under the auspices of IRCA is divided
The Public Road Administration (PRA) in Iceland gives priority to one research and development topic every 5 years. Between 2001-2005 the priority is given to projects involving accidents and traffic safety. In order to co-ordinate and share utilisation of researches in this field more effectively
The Ministry for Urban Development and Roads is responsible for the following transport related authorities in Malta:- Coordination of Urban Development Projects- Malta Transport Authority (MTA). The MTA was set up in 2001 in order to improve co-ordination between the transport sectors.
The Ministry for Competitiveness and Communications is responsible for the following transport related authorities in Malta:- Civil Aviation- Malta Maritime Authority. The Ministry’s responsibilities were assigned to "Ministry for Infrastructure Transport and Communications"(MITC).
The portal RicercheTrasporti.it is managed by TRT Trasporti e Territorio, a private consultancy specialised in economics, transport planning and models, providing services and carrying out research activities in quantitative analysis, planning and economic evaluation of transport and land use
The Italian Ministry of Research co-finances research programmes of national relevance proposed by the universities. In the past there was an instrument with the short name "40%" where the Ministry funded 40% of the costs of projects proposed by universities. Today the "40%" instrument has been