PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO Dutch: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek) is the national research council of the Netherlands. NWO funds thousands of top researchers at universities and institutes and steers the course of Dutch science by means of
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
The MIT Portugal Programme, an FCT initiative, is a strategic partnership between Portuguese Universities and Research Centers, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA) and partners from industry and government.
Launched by the Portuguese Government in 2006, and renewed in 2013, its goal is
The role of the Icelandic Road and Coastal Administration (IRCA) is to oversee the country’s transport system on land and sea, in the best way possible with a view to society’s needs, the safety of users of the system and environmental considerations. Research under the auspices of IRCA is divided
The Public Road Administration (PRA) in Iceland gives priority to one research and development topic every 5 years. Between 2001-2005 the priority is given to projects involving accidents and traffic safety. In order to co-ordinate and share utilisation of researches in this field more effectively
The spatial economics domain covers a large number of complicated policy problems that require sound scientific analysis. There are plenty of examples to illustrate the complexity of the problems that the discipline addresses. How can the limited amount of space available in densely populated areas