PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
The Transport 2025 programme was started in 2015. The programme is the Research Council of Norway's new strategic focus on research and innovation within the transport domain. The Transport 2025 programme incorporates a systemic perspective on the transport system viewed as a whole.
The ENERGIX programme will help to achieve energy and industrial policy objectives and is a key instrument in the implementation of the national Energi21 RD&D strategy for the energy sector. The programme will also promote the broadest possible range of research activities to open the door to new
To meet the requirements imposed by the European Union, and develop the issues of waste management and energy production the programme meets requirements and provides assistance in creating innovative solutions in that respect. Gekon is the first programme in Polish industry in the field of
Analyses of the situation in the area of science and economy covered by the Programme found out:
There is an opportunity to increase the efficiency of research results in practice especially with regarding to the fact that the projects carried out by individual research units have a narrow range