PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO Dutch: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek) is the national research council of the Netherlands. NWO funds thousands of top researchers at universities and institutes and steers the course of Dutch science by means of
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
The spatial economics domain covers a large number of complicated policy problems that require sound scientific analysis. There are plenty of examples to illustrate the complexity of the problems that the discipline addresses. How can the limited amount of space available in densely populated areas
The amount of fatal road accidents dropped from 3300 casualties yearly in the early 1970s to less than 800 nowdays. Still, it remains a major object of concern to the Dutch government. SWOV conducts scientific research in order to contribute to road safety by means of scientific research and
The Directorate-General for Mobility (DGMo) sets policy on the movement of persons and goods by land, focusing on a coherent analysis of and approach to mobility, accessibility and spatial development, and strengthening links between the different modes of transport. The main focus points of this
TheDirectorate-General for Civil Aviation and Maritime Affairs (DGLM) contributes to keeping the Netherlands connected to the rest of the world and, consequently, to a vital economy by ensuring the sustainable development of mainports, aviation and shipping.
To support the policy-making process