Research infrastructures play an increasing role in the advancement of knowledge, technology and their exploitation. They need a broad range of expertise to be developed and should be used and exploited by a large community of scientists and industries on a European scale.
SMEs make up a large part of Europe's economy and industry. The EU's 23 million SMEs account for 99% of all businesses and contribute up to 80% of employment in some industrial sectors, such as textiles.
The advancement of knowledge in the sustainable management, production and use of biological resources (microbial, plant and animal) will provide the basis for safer, eco-efficient and competitive products and services for agriculture, fisheries, feed, food, health, forest-based and related
In the last 20 years, Europe has become a technology pioneer through applications such as the Earth Observation and Galileo. Europe has invested in the exploration of space with costeffective missions and supported collaborative initiatives with the European Space Agency securing its strategic role
The EU's Seventh Research Framework Programme identifies Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) as a means to support trans-national cooperation in key areas where research and technological development can contribute to European competitiveness and quality of life. The Seventh Research Framework
With environmental concerns having grown in visibility in recent years, this is the time to pursue actions for a sustainable and environmentally friendly Europe. That will require extensive environmental research and development as we endeavour to contribute to tackling these major 21st century
Since October 2010 the Synergies Expert Group (SEG), made up of experts, rapporteurs and representatives from FP7, the Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) and the Cohesion Policy Funds, has been analysing how EU research policy should be aligned across the main European research policy framework
The Eurostars Joint Programme is an initiative set up under Article 185 of the Treaty on the Functioning of European Union (TFEU), undertaken by 27 Member States and 6 countries associated with the Seventh Framework Programme for Research (FP7), organised around the organisational platform offered
The CIVITAS Initiative ('City-Vitality-Sustainability', or 'Cleaner and Better Transport in Cities') was launched in 2002. In the first phase of the project (2002 to 2006), 19 cities participated in 4 research and demonstration projects; and in CIVITAS II (2005 to 2009), 17 cities participated