Under the Decision of 7 December 2007 the European Commission approved the Operational Programme Infrastructure and Environment 2007-2013. It is a culmination of many months of work on preparing the largest programme in the history of the European Union. The amount of EU funds involved in its
Basic transport research has not developed a comprehensive approach to a variety of factors, which, in practice, influence the behaviour of transportation systems. With regard to basic research, the knowledge base of both general and common models in the field of transportation, telecommunications
The Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) is a genuinely European instrument aimed at supporting the development of high-performing, sustainable and efficiently interconnected trans-European networks in the field of energy, telecommunications and transport. CEF investments are also intended to act as a
The ERA-NET scheme performs a pivotal role in the structure of research in Europe, via the improved coordination and cooperation of national and regional research programmes. ERA-NET under Horizon 2020 merges the former ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus into a single instrument with the central and
In order to address the major challenges of cities, the Joint Programming Initiative Urban Europe was launched in 2010 with the ambition to rethink and manage the increasing urban orientation and concentration in Europe. Europe’s competitiveness depends greatly on its cities and metropolitan regions
The International Transport Forum evolved from the ECMT in 2006/7. At the time, ministers decided to invite new members from non-European countries in order to address transport issues on a global level and for all transport modes, and to create a public platform for a broad policy dialogue.
With small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) as its main target, the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) supports innovation activities (including eco-innovation), provides better access to finance and delivers business support services in the regions. It encourages a better