The establishment of the European Research Area depends on improving the coherence and co-ordination of research and innovation activities and policies conducted at national, regional and European level. The objectives of Community action in this field are to stimulate and support programme
The activities under this section of the programme are diverse in their subject matter, and will be implemented in such a way as to ensure co-ordination across the various topics and complementarity with the thematic priority areas. The tasks set out under each of research priorities headings often
The ERA-NET scheme performs a pivotal role in the structure of research in Europe, via the improved coordination and cooperation of national and regional research programmes. ERA-NET under Horizon 2020 merges the former ERA-NET and ERA-NET Plus into a single instrument with the central and
In order to address the major challenges of cities, the Joint Programming Initiative Urban Europe was launched in 2010 with the ambition to rethink and manage the increasing urban orientation and concentration in Europe. Europe’s competitiveness depends greatly on its cities and metropolitan regions
URBACT III acts as a European exchange and learning programme promoting sustainable urban development. It will enable European cities to work together to develop solutions to urban challenges and share good practices, lessons and solutions with all stakeholders involved in urban policy throughout
The International Transport Forum evolved from the ECMT in 2006/7. At the time, ministers decided to invite new members from non-European countries in order to address transport issues on a global level and for all transport modes, and to create a public platform for a broad policy dialogue.
Increasing awareness about climate change, the scale of the challenges involved, and the pressing need to prepare for a post-petrol future have prompted most of the world's developed countries to step up the research, trialling and deployment of transport systems that use more energy-efficient and
For the period 2007-2013, the Community Initiative INTERREG has been upgraded to the 'European Territorial Cooperation Objective', which underlines the importance the European Commission and the Member States attach to the added value of transnational cooperation. This offers more visibility to the