PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
To meet the requirements imposed by the European Union, and develop the issues of waste management and energy production the programme meets requirements and provides assistance in creating innovative solutions in that respect. Gekon is the first programme in Polish industry in the field of
Analyses of the situation in the area of science and economy covered by the Programme found out:
There is an opportunity to increase the efficiency of research results in practice especially with regarding to the fact that the projects carried out by individual research units have a narrow range
INNOTECH is a support programme of science and enterprise in the implementation of innovative projects in various fields of science and industries, with particular reference to the area of advanced technologies.
There was a need of increase of the share of high-tech products in the income structure
The available statistical data clearly shows that for every 100 accidents caused on Polish roads there are an average of 11 deaths, 31 serious injuries and 93 minor injuries.Since 2007, Poland has the highest number of deaths from road accidents in the EU. Poland is responsible for 14% of road
Two national funding instruments terminate in 2016: targeted financing of research topics and the Estonian Science Foundation (ETF) grants. Newly the Estonian Research Council (ETAg) is to finance national basic and applied research and researcher mobility.