PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
The VBD programme (Villes et Bâtiments Durables) aims at exploring the changing attitude of cities and to transform what is perceived as an environmental burden into an asset, while ensuring the economic viability and social cohesion. VDB is focused on the sustainability of settings and places of
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
The Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research – Efficient Technologies and Systems for Mobility (SCCER Mobility) aims at developing the knowledge and technologies essential for the transition of the current fossil fuel based transportation system to a more sustainable one, featuring minimal CO2
PREDIT is a French programme encouraging research, experimentation and innovation in land transport. It was launched and implemented by the ministries in charge of research, transport, environment and industry, ADEME (Environment and Energy Agency) and ANVAR (Research valorisation agency - now known
The Sustainable Transport and Mobility Programme (TDM) is the evolution of the Land Transport Development Programme from 2011 (TTD). The programme changed its name in 2012, since then it covers not only the development of all land transports but also air fields and naval topics. The precursor of