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This report by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA) uses patenting data from the European Patent Office as an indicator of global trends in innovation, and studies the comparative strengths of the EU, China, Japan, the US and South

Adequate research and innovation (R&I) is paramount for the seamless development, testing, adoption and integration of new rail concepts and technologies. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of R&I initiatives in Europe in this field. The assessment follows a structured methodology

A complete transition to transporting all freight by rail is not feasible for many companies worldwide. This study assesses the potential of road-rail intermodal operations as strategies to reduce polluting air emissions. It was found that intermodal road-rail operations could reduce emissions by 77

An analysis of the evolution of the main communication technologies deployed in railways identified standardisation, interoperability, scalability, energy efficiency and cyber security as key challenges. These issues need to be addressed if the benefits of enabling technologies are to be exploited.

There has been a recent trend towards the removal of certain transport regulations in order to encourage a more efficient market – this trend has come to be associated with the ‘privatisation’ of transport services and has prompted widespread debate. This paper provides a structured guide to the

Railways deliver economic, social and, particularly, environmental benefits and are an important mode of transport. This document aims to provide the reader with a synthesis of available results from completed European research projects related to rail transport.

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