The development of a trans-European rail network has been a major achievement of the European Union. In this regard, considerable work has been undertaken to harmonise railway safety. However, no similar exercise effort has been done as regards railway security.
It is first and foremost for the Member States and rail operators to determine and put in place the measures necessary to achieve security in rail transport. However, the lack of security measures for rail transport coordinated at EU level constitutes a weakness.
The recent increase in terrorist attacks against rail transport with a cross-border dimension underlined the need for a common approach. DG MOVE is thus considering launching an action to improve passenger rail security