The research system in Luxembourg is relatively new and is still being established. Research policy follows multi-year planning and is outlined in the National Reform Plan. In 2006–2007, the National Research Fund undertook the Foresight Study, which identified national research priorities for the public sector. These research priorities formed the foundation of the national research programmes. These priorities are:
- Sustainable resource management in Luxembourg;
- New functional and intelligent materials and surfaces and new sensing applications;
- Biomedical sciences/regulation of chronic, degenerative and infectious diseases;
- Labour market educational requirements and social protection;
- Identifying diversity and integration.
Transport research does not have a priority status, and a transport sector strategy is currently being developed.
At the political level, the research system is headed by a Parliamentary Committee and the Higher Committee for Research and Innovation, chaired by the Ministers for Higher Education and Research and for Economy and Foreign Trade. These ministries are responsible for implementing the policy and strategic objectives established by the Committee. The Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade is responsible for the private sector and the Ministry of Higher Education and Research for the public sector. The ministries are supported by two agencies: the National Research Fund, which oversees funding for public sector research and PhD and post-doc studies, and Luxinnovation which works with private sector researchers.
Responsibility for developing transport policy lies with the Department of Transport of the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Infrastructure.
Funding for transport research can be obtained mainly through the general research financing framework, and EU and international programmes. There are several national research programmes (CORE, ATTRACT, PEARL), but they mainly focus on the research priorities established in the Foresight Study or by the University of Luxembourg. The National Research Fund also supports accompanying measures, which fund conferences, training of researchers and scientific publications. In most cases, transport research is funded through international and EU funds, for instance, the European Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. A summary of funding opportunities is available at the Luxembourg Portal for Innovation and Research.
Organisations responsible for the institutional framework and funding: