Research and innovation policy is implemented by the National Strategic Framework for Research, Technological Development and Innovation (NSFRI). This framework is created by the Ministry of Education, Life Long Learning and Religious Affairs. The NSFRI sets goals and priorities of the research and innovation policy until 2020. All thematic areas are supported by the General Secretariat for Research and Technology through the Operational Programme Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship and Innovation 2014-2020 (EPAnEK) and the Regional Operational Programmes. In addition, some actions on improving research on human capital are supported by the 2014-2020 Operational Programme Human Resources Development, Education and Life Long Learning of the Ministry of Education.
Current transport planning documents that set out the framework for transport development at national and regional level include:
- Master plan 2020 for the city of Thessaloniki for transport infrastructure
- Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) for Metropolitan Area of Thessaloniki
- Framework on the Rehabilitation and Restructure of the OSE (Greek Rail Organisation)
In June 2019, the National Transport Plan for Greece was also published. This is a key policy document which will define the transport sector development strategy for the next 20 years and will support Greece's economic development.
The main players involved in developing research and innovation policy at the political level in Greece are the Government and the Parliament with its advisory body, the Greek Permanent Committee for Technology Assessment (GPCTA). At the operational level, responsibility for research policy rests with the General Secretariat for Research and Technology (GSRT) of the Ministry of Education, Life Long Learning and Religious Affairs, along with the Ministry of Economy, Development and Tourism. Both the National Hellenic Research Foundation (NHRF) and the Centre for Research and Technology Hellas (CRTH) are supervised by the GSRT, and the National Council for Research and Technology (NCRT) also reports directly to the Minister of Education and Religious Affairs.
The Ministry of Transport, Infrastructure and Networks is responsible for planning and implementing national transport policy. Policy developed by the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change and the Ministry of Development, Competitiveness and Shipping also has an important influence on transport research.
Transport research is financed through the general research funding, and through European and international funds. Public funding is allocated on a competitive basis by the Operational Programme Competitiveness, Entrepreneurship and Innovation 2014-2020 (EPAnEK), which is the responsibility of the Ministry of Economy, Development and Tourism. Research under the Regional Operational Programmes is the responsibility of the Regional Councils. European funds for transport research are available through the Framework Programmes and Structural Funds.
Current funding sources and programmes related to transport research in Greece include:
Continental Greece Operational Programme - aims to contribute to the strategic vision of the region to achieve a balanced economic and social development, by improving the entrepreneurial and investment environment while respecting the environment and the citizen. It includes supporting the shift to a low-carbon economy in all sectors, and promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures.
Ionian Islands Operational Programme - aims to boost economic development and create job opportunities in the Ionian Islands. It contributes to achieving the Europe 2020 targets for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, also in line with the smart specialisation strategy. This includes following the enhancement of transport infrastructures by promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures.
Interreg V-A - Greece-Italy - supports strategic cross-border co-operation between Greece and Italy for a more prosperous and sustainable region across the Ionian Sea. One of the key priorities is having a multimodal sustainable transport system which includes: promoting investments in response to the needs for better regional and cross-border connectivity; accessibility to transport infrastructures; coordination of cross-border transport systems and procedures; the integration of regional, national and cross-border transportation planning; and the promotion of an efficient and environmently-friendly mobility and transport system.
Interreg V-A - Greece-Bulgaria – one such priority is a better interconnected cross-border area with reduced travel times for goods and people, and improved traffic safety.