Transport research in Poland is defined by the National Programme for Scientific and Research & Development (R&D) Activities and by a scope of national transport policy documents.
In general, current research policy goals focus on implementing science sector reform packages:
- Implementation of the Building on Knowledge reform;
- Implementation of the reforms to the higher education system;
- Launch of the new National Research Programme;
- Elaboration of the long-term innovation strategy.
Policy priorities in thematic research were established in the Programme for Scientific Research and Development, for a five to ten year period. They comprise:
- Society in conditions of secure, dynamic and sustainable socio-economic development
- Energy and infrastructure
- New technologies for the economy
- Environment and agriculture.
In each area, the National Programme formulated Strategic Research and Development Programmes to be implemented in a perspective of three to five years.
The latest National Research programme was launched in 2011 in response to challenges set out in the Europe 2020 Strategy. This strategic document provides a framework for developing and funding research. Transport related topics are integrated in the research areas Energy and Infrastructure and New Technologies for National Economy.
The transport policy framework is determined by several general strategic documents of national importance and key industry documents on the development of specific transport modes. These are:
- National Development Strategy for 2007–2015
- Operational Programme of Infrastructure and Environment
- State Transport Policy for 2006–2025
- National Programme for Road Traffic Safety
- Master Plan for Rail Transport up to 2030
- Recommendations of Maritime Policy up to 2020
- Strategy of Maritime Ports Development up to 2015
- Development Direction of Inland Waterways Transport in Poland
- Programme for Airports and Ground-based Systems Network Development.
The most comprehensive and significant strategic document for the transport community including research and industrial partners is the State Transport Policy for 2006–2025. This document considered to be a roadmap for the Ministry of Infrastructure and other ministries with regard to transport as well as
The Ministry of Science and Higher Education is the policy maker for R&D. In defining transport-related research priorities, the Ministry is supported by the Ministry of Transport, Construction and Maritime Economy, the Ministry of Regional Development, and the Ministry of Environment. The Ministry of Science and Higher Education regularly conducts evaluations and certification of all national scientific and R&D units.
The two executive agencies have been newly established, the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR), and the National Science Centre (NCN). These centres are fully operational and support research and development in Poland.
Transport research is funded on a horizontal project-based approach. Research is funded under public funding in the National Programme for R&D and by private sources.
All transport research projects financed by the National Programme are registered in a project database, which is maintained by the Information Processing Centre.
Projects funded by private organisations are mainly industry-applied projects. Private-public funding schemes are also available.
Organisations responsible for the institutional framework and funding: