Transport research in Poland is defined by the National Programme for Scientific and Research & Development (R&D) Activities and by a scope of national transport policy documents.
In general, current research policy goals focus on implementing science sector reform packages:
- Implementation of the Building on Knowledge reform;
- Implementation of the reforms to the higher education system;
- Launch of the new National Research Programme;
- Elaboration of the long-term innovation strategy.
Policy priorities in thematic research were established in the Programme for Scientific Research and Development, for a five to ten year period. They comprise:
- Society in conditions of secure, dynamic and sustainable socio-economic development;
- Energy and infrastructure;
- New technologies for the economy;
- Environment and agriculture.
In each area, the National Programme formulated Strategic Research and Development Programmes to be implemented in a perspective of three to five years.
The latest National Research programme was launched in 2011 in response to challenges set out in the Europe 2020 Strategy. This strategic document provides a framework for developing and funding research. Transport related topics are integrated in the research areas 'Energy and Infrastructure' and 'New Technologies for National Economy'.
The transport policy framework is determined by several general strategic documents of national importance and key industry documents on the development of specific transport modes. The most comprehensive and significant document for the transport community (including research and industrial partners) is the State Transport Policy for 2006–2025. This document is considered to be a roadmap for the Ministry of Infrastructure and other ministries with regard to transport. Other strategic documents include:
The Ministry of Science and Higher Education is the policy maker for R&D in Poland. In defining transport-related research priorities, the Ministry is supported by the Ministry of Transport, Construction and Maritime Economy, the Ministry of Regional Development, and the Ministry of Environment. The Ministry of Science and Higher Education regularly conducts evaluations and certification of all national scientific and R&D units.
The two executive agencies were also established:
These centres are fully operational and support research and development in Poland.
Transport research is funded on a horizontal project-based approach. Research is funded under public funding in the National Programme for R&D and by private sources. All transport research projects financed by the National Programme are registered in a project database, which is maintained by the Information Processing Centre.
Projects funded by private organisations are mainly industry-applied projects. Private-public funding schemes are also available.
Organisations responsible for the institutional framework and funding:
Current ongoing national funding programmes related to transport include:
Polish Applied Research Programme (2014-2021) - enhances performance of Polish applied research in Poland through improved research cooperation between Poland and Norway.
Operational Programme of Infrastructure and Environment (2014-2020) - supports research in low carbon economy, environmental protection, adaptation to climate change, transport and energy security.
National Road Safety Programme (2013-2020) – to help limit the annual death toll of at least 50% by 2020 and the number of seriously injured by at least 40% by 2020.
GEKON Generator of Ecological Concepts - supports projects from the private sector aimed at conducting scientific research and development works, and then at implementing the resulting pro-ecological technologies. This includes novel technologies for production of fuels, energy and materials from waste and recycled waste.