The national research and innovation strategies create the basis for research and technology development. The most recent outline and general guidance for research was adopted by the Board of the Danish Council for Strategic Research on January 2014 in the document Strategic Research Principles and Instruments. In April 2011, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation published The Danish Roadmap for Research Infrastructure 2011. This document presents a complete and prioritised catalogue of national needs for research infrastructure in the short term and charts a strategic direction for national initiatives.
Two other initiatives for the development of research are RESEARCH 2015 and RESEARCH 2020 prepared by Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation. These documents aim to improve the basis for identifying and prioritising focus areas for strategic research. RESEARCH 2015 identifies 21 strategic research areas in the following areas:
- Energy, climate and environment
- Production and technology
- Health and prevention
- Innovation and competitiveness
- Knowledge and education
- People and society.
The Government established a long-term vision for transport development in A Green Transport Policy dated January 2009. The document sets out overall principles and concrete initiatives as part of a global green transport policy. Recently, a further step was taken with a new strategy on achieving independence from fossil fuels by 2050. Another policy initiative which defines the national transport priority and research is the traffic initiative presented by the Government in 2008, entitled Sustainable Transport Better Infrastructure.
Denmark has a well-developed and centralised research system, with a clear division between the advisory function for research policy and the organisation of research funding and user support. The main Ministry responsible for research policy is the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Higher Education. The Ministry of Business and Growth also has some influence on innovation policies. Below Ministry level, there is a system of research advisory and funding councils.
The Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation administers the funding earmarked for independent research, and for thematically defined and politically prioritised research areas. The Agency also functions as the secretariat for the Danish Research Coordination Committee, the Danish Councils for Independent Research, the Danish Council for Strategic Research, the Danish Council for Technology and Innovation, the Danish Research Policy Council, and the Danish Committees on Scientific Dishonesty.
The Ministry of Transport is responsible for the governance of the transport sector in Denmark. The ministry is supported by executive agencies in implementing activities by the Danish Transport Authority, the Danish Road Directorate, the Danish Coastal Authority, Rail Net Denmark, and Accident Investigation Boards of Denmark.
To support the Government on greening Danish transport, the Ministry of Transport established the Centre for Green Transport.
The research funding is the responsibility of the Council for Independent Research and the Council for Strategic Research. The Council for Independent Research is an umbrella organisation for five research councils, and supports research projects based on the initiatives of researchers. The Council for Strategic Research supports research based on politically defined programmes, and is required to contribute to increasing cooperation between public and private research. Thematic science and technology priorities are implemented by various R&D funding institutions, such as the programme committees in the Danish Council for Strategic Research (DCSR) and the Danish National Advanced Technology Foundation. The DCSR programme committees regularly launch calls for projects in specified thematic areas. R&D programmes are also launched by sectoral ministries, such as the Ministry of Climate and Energy and the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries.
The Danish Council for Strategic Research supports research on transport and infrastructure. Strategic research