The scope of transport research is determined by the Transport Operation Programme, which is part of the New Hungary Development Plan (Szechenyi 2020) strategy, and by policy documents that set the framework for the development of the economy and transport system.
The updated New Szechenyi 2020 Plan plays decisive role. In January 2011, a chapter of the Plan, entitled Science - Innovation Programme was launched. The document sets objectives for science, technology and innovation and identifies thematic priorities. Szechenyi summarizes 15 Operational Programmes (OP), like the Transport OP and the Economic Development OP. The Economic Development OP also has research, development and innovation priorities on its agenda.
The transport sector is on the government's investment agenda. Development of the national transport system is supported by the Research and Development Concept in the transport sector, which is a part of the Transport Operational Programme.
A new body, the National Research, Innovation and Science Policy Council, was set up in December 2010 to coordinate government decisions on science, technology and innovation policy decisions.
Research and development at sectoral level is managed by the specific ministries. The key ministries with responsibilities for various domains of science, technology and innovation policies are:
- Ministry of National Economy (the Minister also supervises the National Innovation Office)
- Ministry of National Development (the Minister oversees the Research and Technological Innovation Fund and the National Development Agency that manages measures co-financed by the EU Structural Funds)
- Ministry of National Resources (the Minister supervises all levels of education, including higher education, and coordinating science policy).
At the operational level, the National Innovation Office develops policy on research, development and innovation and manages international R&D cooperation.
Transport and infrastructure policies are developed and implemented by various ministerial departments. The Deputy State Secretary for Transport comes under the Ministry of National Development. Transport-related projects require close interaction with the Ministry of Rural Development with regard to urban planning, the Ministry for National Economy with regard to long-term national strategies and sectoral plans, and the Ministry of Interior with regard to transport safety and security.
As with any research in Hungary, transport research can be financed in three ways: by State funding; private funding; and by EU funding sources.
Up until 2012, the main national source for funding research, development and innovation policy was the Research and Technological Innovation Fund, managed by the Research and Technological Innovation Council. Research is funded by two governmental bodies: the National Innovation Office and the National Development Agency. All research projects financed by the state budget are included in the Hungarian Current Research Information System, which is a free access database. All Ministries and Public Offices are required to contribute to this database.
Projects co-financed by the EU Structural Funds are managed by the National Development Agency. The major sources of EU funding are the Cohesion Fund and ERDF.
Organisations responsible for the institutional framework and funding: