Since the proposals of the World Commission on Environment and Development
(Brundtland report) in 1987, it is tried more intensively in the developed
countries to contribute to sustainable development. The German KrW-/AbfG (Closed Substance Cycle and Waste Management Act) could be an example. The organization of environmentally friendly transports in the course of waste management by switching from road to navigable inland waterways represents one component to stop the ecopolitically negative development or road freight transport step by step.
The goal of the joint project TRASIBI was the creation of technical and
technological, logistic, operational and infrastructural conditions for a different or completely new way of transport, turnover and transshipment of selected types of waste from urban areas, so that environmental impacts are reduced. During this project, commercial waste, domestic waste, compostable waste, catering waste and residual sludge were selected but the focus was on residual waste. The goal was to achieve a shift of 5% of the potential to waterways within one year after the project in the region Berlin/Brandenburg representing 100,000 tons of waste and around one million truck kilometers. A pivotal requirement is the comprehensive consideration of the transport chain source/drain and the inclusion of local decision makers.
The approach originates from the comprehensive consideration of the transport chain
source/drain including the logistic and technological processes in source and
drain. Analyses already available suggest that changes section by section are
not very efficient. Technique and Technology of collection, transport, turnover and transshipment have to be adjusted including the process technology related compability characteristics.
Two patent applications concerning on-board transshipment technologies were achieved together with three partners. Additionally, an approach for container, transshipment and turnover processes of the transport chain were developed. Also assessment criteria for the redeveloped transport chain “residential waste” and other transport chains “waste with main run waterways” was conceptualized. All this was achieved concentrating on technical, ecologic, economic and transport technological criteria.
The results are applicable for all urban areas near waterways in Germany and Europe. Besides for residential waste from households and businesses, also plastic and paper waste as well as bulky refuse can be transported this way.
Further applications is the transport of suitable bulk goods and the transport of certain industrial goods.
Findings of the study are published in detail by a final report (German only) which is available online via