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Car multi propulsion integrated power train

PROJECTS
Funding
European
European Union
Duration
-
Geo-spatial type
Other
Total project cost
€5 315 615
EU Contribution
€3 400 000
Project website
Project Acronym
CASTOR
STRIA Roadmaps
Transport electrification (ELT)
Transport mode
Road icon
Transport policies
Digitalisation,
Decarbonisation,
Environmental/Emissions aspects
Transport sectors
Passenger transport

Overview

Call for proposal
FP7-2010-ICT-GC
Link to CORDIS
Background & Policy context

The European Commission has been actively supporting the introduction of electric mobility.

Electric mobility is currently a top priority in the US, Japan, China, Korea and EU. It promises to introduce a radical industrial change in our society, as new technologies and infrastructure is put in place over the next two decades.

The transition phase is now starting, with a general growing awareness that the underlying technology to implement electrical mobility has gained a sufficient level of maturity. There is now a push at many levels (global, EU, national, organisational) to refine and implement enabling technologies and systems so as to effect a platform for fundamental change to our road transport paradigms and to embrace the possibilities promised by the transition to electrical vehicles.


The driving forces behind the move to electrical mobility are:

• Reduction in oil consumption
- “well to wheels” energy efficiency is the key factor
- Potential economic benefits are significant
- In Europe 73% of all oil is consumed by transports of which road transportation alone accounts for over 85%.

• Reduction in emissions and noise produce by road transport
- Environmental benefits, including mitigation of climate change risks
- Public health benefits
- according to the WHO, noxious gas emissions emitted by cars cause an even higher number of deaths. Embedded systems is a critical issue to move forward to the electrical mobility which eliminates noxious gas emissions in cities

• Improved safety of road transport
- there are 5 lethal accidents every hour, and road accidents are the main cause of death in the under-45 age group, besides
- electrification offers the opportunity to incorporate radical new safety paradigms with innovations in system designs and communication structures.

Objectives

CASTOR explored the architectures of the fully integrated power train electronics for distributed propulsion systems that should enable future generations of EV’s and personal propulsion systems. The following objectives are highly important to the project:

• Advancements in efficiency will be achieved by implementing a multi propulsion power train based on the integration of the energy storage with the propulsion unit based on the related synergies and by removing unnecessary redundancy. 
• The future concept is not only based on the integration of the component functionalities also considering a holistic approach for the thermo management which leads to lower power consumption and more robust systems.
• The Integration of the thermo management for the inverter and accumulator will enable high efficient decentralized thermo systems.
• The research will focus on the EV-power train consisting of the drive inverter, accumulator and engine.
• Advancements in functionality and robustness will be made by the Integration of the accumulator (Battery, Super cap) and Inverter together with the engine. Based on integration synergies this will enable less complex power conversion, storage and distribution concepts in order to reduce the amount of active switching components and the related control overhead.

Methodology

The main technological innovations of the CASTOR project are related to the development of a modular, highly integrated propulsion unit for distributed EV traction, reference designs for energy storage component, power conversion topologies and technologies, direct-drive traction machine, and system integration and thermal management. The CASTOR project addresses these reference designs and architectures in order to offer common multi-propulsion power train architectural approaches (standardised and interoperable) for future efficient electrical vehicles and will focus on the following topics:

  • Definition of specifications and design constrains for each subsystems via a systematic analysis and global optimisation
  • Development of high energy and high power dense energy storage unit (accumulator) by exploring complimentary characteristics of battery and super cap.
  • Development of high power dense, high efficient DC/DC and DC/AC converters and inverters for traction control and energy management using ultra-low resistance MOSFET technology.
  • Development of high power dense, high efficient direct drive traction motor
  • Integration of the accumulator, converters, and traction motor into a modular propulsion unit with cost-effect cooling system and appropriate thermal management strategies.
  • Comparison, selection and exploitation of a multitude of solutions for optimising wiring and harnesses, aiming at preserving and enhancing safety and integrity in order to safeguard possible EMI emissions
  • Standardisation of architectures, hardware components and software in compliance with AUTOSAR guidelines, to shorten time-to-market and reduce cost-to-market of car model developments.

Funding

Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)
Specific funding programme
FP7-ICT

Partners

Lead Organisation
Organisation
Imarine Deniz Teknolojileri Ve Arastirmalari Sanayi Ve Ticaret Anonimsirketi
Address
GOZTEPE MAH. GOKSU EVLERI MENEKSE SOK. B237B ANADO EYKOZ, 34815 ISTANBUL, Turkey
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€1 100 430
Partner Organisations
Organisation
The University Of Sheffield
Address
Firth Court Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, United Kingdom
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€488 160
Organisation
Centro Ricerche Fiat - Societa Consortile Per Azioni
Address
Strada Torino, 50, 10043 ORBASSANO (TO), Italy
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€442 499
Organisation
Stiftelsen Sintef
Address
Strindveien, 7034 Trondheim, Norway
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€481 625
Organisation
Magnomatics Limited
Address
Park House Bernard Road - Sheffield, Sheffield, S2 5BQ, United Kingdom
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€233 108
Organisation
Ficomirrors Sa
Address
GRAN VIA DE CARLES III 98, 08028 BARCELONA, Spain
EU Contribution
€456 140
Organisation
Volkswagen
Address
Berliner Ring 2, 1894 WOLFSBURG, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€198 038

Technologies

Technology Theme
Road vehicle propulsion
Technology
Efficient and compact hybrid powertrains
Development phase
Research/Invention

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