The transport system consists of transport infrastructure, means of transport, transport services, people who are travelling and goods that are being transported, as well as the associated services, information, statutes and organisations.
Transport policy refers to action pertaining to all these aspects of the transport system. Transport policy and the transport system are closely connected with other activities in society, especially with the operating conditions of business, the economy and employment as well as regional development. Transport policy contributes to ensuring smooth and safe travel and transport to meet the needs of business and citizens.
A good transport infrastructure and a wellfunctioning transport system are an important aspect of citizens’ everyday lives. Almost everyone takes daily trips to work or to school, for business or for pleasure – an average of three such journeys a day. In urban regions, the quality of the transport infrastructure, the provision of high-quality public transport solutions and good traffic management are particularly important for ensuring smoother functioning of travel and transport chains.
In sparsely populated regions, the most important factors affecting the convenience and safety of travel are the quality of the road infrastructure and transport services. Travel needs are influenced by changes in regional and urban structures and in the location of services. Good traffic connections are also a key condition for regional development and one of the most important factors influencing the location and operating environment for companies.
The transport system is a key competitive factor for Finland due to the country’s extensive area and long transport distances. Industrial and residential evelopment is dispersed widely throughout the country, and the forest and metal industries, which transport large quantities of heavy products, have accounted for a high proportion of national production.
A general objective of the project is to reduce transport emissions by 60 per cent from the 1990 levels by 2050.
A key objective of transport policy is to ensure the functioning and development of domestic and international traffic connections supporting Finland’s competitiveness and sustainable economic growth. Transport policy solutions can also play an active role in offering companies new business opportunities, thus providing additional benefits for the regions in order to support sustainable growth, employment and competitiveness.
The sub-projects and working groups identified a large number of different development targets regarding the transport system and operating methods. The key policies and actions related to these were collected in the report under the following seven main themes:
- Service-oriented transport system
- Funding as the basis for service level
- Transport system as an enabler of sustainable growth
- Well-being based on the smooth functioning of everyday life
- Smart and responsible transport
- From efficient operating methods to the desired results
- Special transport policy issues of the 2010s