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TRIMIS

Cooperative Communication System to Realise Enhanced Safety and Efficiency in European Road Transport

COM2REACT

Cooperative Communication System to Realise Enhanced Safety and Efficiency in European Road Transport

Link to CORDIS:
Background & policy context: 

Until recently, the primary interaction between vehicles and roadways was the interface between the tire and road surface at the tire contact patch. In addition, loop detectors, roadside closed-circuit cameras, microwave radar or roadway weather information services provide data about, and in some instances (e.g., changeable message signs) to vehicles. REACT adds vehicles as important mobile collectors of information. However, because the driver is crucial, the amount of quality information provided to him/her needs to be expanded beyond 'changeable message signs'. Much of the most relevant information will come from nearby vehicles, which underlines the need for V2V communication. The challenge is to develop a system that intelligently and efficiently handles the large amount of relevant information that can be collected from vehicles.

The current status is that some physical media are already used for V2V communications, but not in a cooperative way. Many current systems are proprietary and lack open communication platforms that make it possible to use available technologies as well allowing the introduction of emerging ones. Actual systems are stuck in a 'one application - one box - one radio' situation. COM2REACT aims to develop an innovative seamless infrastructure able to transparently integrate heterogeneous devices and services.

Objectives: 

COM2REACT's overall objective was to establish the feasibility of a three-layer, scalable, cooperative system. Its implementation envisaged to involve the deployment of two two-way communication systems: vehicle to vehicle (V2V), and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I). This structure would facilitate significant improvement in the flow of information acquired by moving vehicles and in its quality and reliability, thereby enhancing road efficiency and traffic safety on urban, intercity arterials and rural roads.

Methodology: 

The specific scientific and technological objectives of the COM2REACT project were as follows:

  1. Develop the VSC concept
  2. Develop traffic state, accident risk, environmental state analysis, prediction models and performance evaluation tools for a VSC.
  3. Adapt additional sensing technology and testing methodology:
    • Front looking, wide field of view, low cost telemeter
    • Sideways and backwards proximity ultrasound sensors
    • Driver state sensor to monitor changes in driver attentiveness
  4. Develop a communication unit with advanced technology:
    • In-car communication system
    • V2V communication system
    • V2C communication
  5. Test the feasibility of the whole concept.
Institution Type:
Institution Name: 
European Commission
Type of funding:
Key Results: 

COM2REACT established a multi-level, scalable cooperative system involving two-way vehicle to vehicle (V2V) and vehicle to centre (V2C) communication, which will facilitate significant improvements in the flow of information acquired by moving vehicles, its quality and reliability, thereby enhancing road efficiency and traffic safety on urban, intercity arterials, and rural roads.

COM2REACT was built upon the DG Transport REACT project. REACT comprised sensor-equipped vehicles and RCC. COM2REACT has developed VSC and integrated it with REACT to obtain a functioning 3-level control system and confirm VSC's added value. In addition, sensors complementary to the system functioning were added. COM2REACT Project has built a strong, balanced consortium, including a vehicle manufacturer, a road authority, several high technology companies, and universities/research institutes.

Main conclusions:

With the multiple tests in Versailles and Munich the feasibility of the COM2REACT architecture is proven. The technical issues in the field of communication between vehicles and between vehicles and a Regional Control Center are solved.

While all the used components (sensors, hardware and software) are quite stable in their operation modes, the phase of initialisation and preparation of the evaluation runs was still complicated and sensitive. The used hardware fulfils the requirements of the implemented system architecture. The capacities of two standard computers were required to run all software components of the In-Car-System (RTMaps, TRANSCarCom, ADAS-RP, Knowledge base, COM2REACT-Models).

The sensor systems of the four COM2REACT vehicles works as expected, returning timely data or readings of physical parameters to the applications in need of this kind of information.

Further tests with the COM2REACT models had shown, that a driver can be informed about traffic incidents in his neighbourhood after a short time. Regarding the small number of fully equipped vehicles problems of very large clusters could not be analysed in reality.

Lead Organisation: 

Motorola Israel Ltd.

Address: 
Kremenetski Street 3
TEL AVIV
Israel
EU Contribution: 
€0
Partner Organisations: 

Institut National De Recherche En Informatique Et Automatique

Address: 
Domaine de Voluceau- Rocquencourt
B.P. 105 LE CHESNAY
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Navteq

Address: 
De Run 1115
-5503 LB Veldhoven
Netherlands
EU Contribution: 
€0

Intempora

Address: 
Place Jules Gevelot 2
92130 Issy-Les-Moulineaux
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Peugeot Citroen Automobiles S.a.

Address: 
Route de Gizy
78140 VELIZY-VILLACOUBLAY
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Telefonica Investigacion Y Desarrollo Sa Unipersonal

Address: 
CALLE EMILIO VARGAS 6
28043 MADRID
Spain
EU Contribution: 
€0

Association Pour La Recherche Et Le Développement Des Méthodes Et Processus Industriels

Address: 
Boulevard Saint Michel 60
75272 Paris
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Address: 
Arcisstrasse 21
80333 MUENCHEN
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Transver Gmbh

Address: 
Maximilianstrasse
80538 Munchen
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Everis Spain, S.l.

Address: 
PASEO DE LA CASTELLANA 141, EDIFICIO CUZCO IV, PLANTA 9
28046 MADRID
Spain
EU Contribution: 
€0

Sphericon Limited

Address: 
HAMANIM STREET 33
BNAI ZION 60910
Israel
EU Contribution: 
€0

Halevi Dweck & Co. Arttic Israel Company Ltd

Address: 
54 HANEVIIM ST.
JERUSALEM 95141
Israel
EU Contribution: 
€0

The Association For Urban Planning Development And Preservation - Jerusalem

Address: 
CLAL BUILDING, 97 JAFFA STREET
JERUSALEM 91280
Israel
EU Contribution: 
€0

Ecole Nationale Superieure Des Mines De Paris

Address: 
BOULEVARD SAINT MICHEL 60
75272 PARIS
France
EU Contribution: 
€0