Development of a methodology and tool to evaluate the impact of ICT measures on road transport emissions
The innovative combination of traffic, driver, and emission models will produce a toolbox that can simulate the impact on energy and CO2 of infrastructure measures (traffic management, dynamic traffic signs, etc.), driver assistance systems and ecosolutions (speed/cruise control, start/stop systems, etc.) or a combination of measures (cooperative systems). Following the research carried on in the projects, guidelines and recommendations will be produced on the efficiency of ICT in road transport to reduce CO2 emissions.
ICT-EMISSIONS aims at developing a methodology for assessing the impact of advanced ICT in energy efficiency and CO2 reduction, and in instantaneous emission models which take into account driver behaviour, that can be used by transport planning, local authorities, and automotive OEMs and suppliers, but also more generally, to quantify the impact of ICT measures on energy consumption and CO emissions.
The proposed methodology combines traffic and emission modellling at micro and macro scales. These will be linked with interfaces and submodules which will be specifically designed and developed. A number of sources are available to the consortium to obtain the necessary input data. Also, experimental campaigns are offered to fill in gaps of information in traffic and emission patterns. The application of the methodology will be demonstrated using commercially available software. However, the methodology is developed in such a way as to enable its implementation by a variety of emission and traffic models. Particular emphasis is given to:
- the correct estimation of driver behaviour, as a result of traffic-related ICT measures
- the coverage of a large number of current vehicle technologies, including ICT systems
- near future technologies such as hybrid, plug-in hybrids, and electric vehicles
The innovative combination of traffic, driver, and emission modells produces a versatile toolbox that can simulate the impact on energy and CO2 of infrastructure measures (traffic management, dynamic traffic signs, etc.), driver assistance systems and ecosolutions (speed/cruise control, start/stop systems, etc.) or a combination of measures (cooperative systems).The methodology will be validated by application in the Turin, Madrid, and Roma areas. The consortium incorporates all required competences to deliver the project objectives, i.e. a balanced mix of experienced traffic simulation/management experts, vehicle energy emission modelllers, ICT solution providers, and end users.