Regarding the demographic change, an important task in transportation policy is to maintain mobility services in rural regions and to optimize them regarding environmental sustainability. A mobility concept independent from cars is - in contrast to urban areas- not realistic.
About ¾ of the overall CO2 emissions of the passenger transport sector are related to the people living in rural regions, although they represent only 2/3 of the overall population. Reasons for that are longer distances and less other mobility opportunities beside the car. This development towards the increased usage of motorized private transport is in conflict to the political objectives of the German Federal Government regarding environmental protection.
The objective of the project is to develop an applicable, general mobility concept for rural regions. The concept shall combine all modes of transport in a complex system regarding spatial, time, and financial issues under consideration of environment protection goals.
Innovative examples of mobility systems are analysed and assessed regarding the following aspects: Emissions, noise, land use, attractiveness, accessibility, social justice, cross-functionality and economic efficiency.
Based on Case Studies (3 different types of rural villages) and local prognosis towards 2030, the developed concepts are tested about their performance in reality.