Trade and travel in Sweden is increasing and keeping pace with ongoing urbanisation, deeper European integration and rapid advances in contact with the rest of the world. This increased mobility brings advantages, including greater freedom of movement for goods and millions of people. However, the increase also brings problems such as carbon emissions, overcrowding, accidents and increased road and traffic system costs.
The focus of this project is on the effects of regional train traffic consisting of Pågatåg and Öresund trains in Skåne, Sweden. The principal effects studied are travelling/commuting by train, population trends in the suburban areas around stations, population distribution in Skåne compared to the rest of the country, development of the labour market regions, changes in the educational level in Skåne compared to the rest of the country, and property price trends after the introduction of regional trains.
Analysis using regression models with a high coefficient of determination.
The results of the project improved the basis for decisions about regional transport.
Increased knowledge about the effects that various regional initiatives have achieved enhanced the possibility that in the future the cities and regions will be able to discern which sites and routes suitable for regional traffic.
Travel time length and frequency are probably important factors for the success of a regional project. The project results is thus beneficial for the planning of public transport with respect to the financing.
In the first phase of the project were provided quantitative studies of regional railway transport effect on total number of passengers in the new West Coast line in Skåne. Then the study was extended with qualitative studies of other effects such as moving, commuting, impact on the industry. Furthermore, some locations were studied in other parts of the country. It involved interviews with planners, residents and other stakeholders.