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Geo-spatial type
Project website
Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Network and traffic management systems (NTM)
Transport mode
Rail icon
Transport policies
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport


Background & Policy context

To complement the work carried out in the two projects called EIRENE and MORANE the UIC started a new project, called ERTMS/GSM-R  to take account that ERTMS is a system, formed by three elements ::

  • GSM-R as a radio telecommunication system and bearer system for ETCS
  • ETCS as the future European train control system
  • The future Traffic Management Layer, which was conceived during the EU project Optirails and has since been developed into a working system in the Europtirails project.

The new ERTMS/GSM-R project combined experiences from the trial-sites and knowledge from early implementing railways. This common development has continued up to to-day. Within this project there are three permanent working groups and a number of Ad Hoc groups integrated. These groups are:

  • ERIG (European radio Implementation Group)
  • Functional Group
  • Operators Group


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Non-profit organisation
Institution Name
UIC - Union Internationale des Chemins de fer
Type of funding


GSM-R IMPLEMENTATION STATUS in the beginning of 2010

6 administrations have migrated or provided first steps for migration to GSM-R: Germany (24000 km), Italy (8500 Km +1100 km HSL), Netherlands (3000 km)mNorway (3000 km) and Sweden (8500 km).

Norway has finished deploying the GSM-R network, Q4 2007 they wish to migrate to the new system;

Sweden has finalized their Step1 ( 8500 km) in 2003, they are now in tender for the remaining low traffic lines (1500 km);

Germany finalized Step 1 end 2007 - around 24000 km; they are now implementing Step 2, which means additional 5000 km;

Step 1 for Italy means 7500 km of Conventional Lines and 110 km for HSL; Conventional Lines were finalised end 2007;

Finland has finalised the implementations of the GSM-R network end 2009 - 4970 km.

Meanwhile, as seen in the map railway administrations are in full implementation stage, like: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czexh Republic, Greece, Finland, France, Lithuania, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland and UK.

Hungary, Denmark and Portugal are in tender process; Croatia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia are preparing for tender.

Outside Europe, GSM-R is installed in China and India, and under deployment in Algeria, India, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia.

In Europe, from total railway network taken into account, which means 221.025 km, 150.650 are foreseen to be covered with GSM-R, which means 68, 16 %

Taking as reference 1st of January 2010, 79.300 km of railway network are equipped with GSM-R, from which 65.800 Km are in operation, which means 43, 7% from the planned network

According to the National Implementation Plans, 50% of the GSM-R planned network in Europe is expected to be to be in operation end 2010.

For the mobile users part, from the approximate 260.000 (we believe the figure to be bigger)users planned so far (for all European projects), 137.270 are reported to be activated, which means almost 32,9 %. From this ones, 31916 Cab Radios and 1.331 EDORs are activated.


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


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