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TRIMIS

European Large-Scale Field Operational Test on Active Safety Systems

PROJECTS
Funding
European
European Union
Duration
-
Status
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Urban
Total project cost
€21 164 034
EU Contribution
€13 905 000
Project website
Project Acronym
euroFOT
STRIA Roadmaps
Connected and automated transport (CAT)
Transport mode
Road icon
Transport policies
Societal/Economic issues,
Safety/Security,
Digitalisation,
Decarbonisation
Transport sectors
Passenger transport

Overview

Call for proposal
FP7-ICT-2007-2
Link to CORDIS
Background & Policy context

Innovative solutions are a key to addressing today's and tomorrow's challenges in road transport, including the increasing demand for mobility, the high cost to society in terms of road accidents, deaths and injuries, as well as delay and congestion costs and environmental and climate change issues. High-tech in-vehicle active safety and efficiency technologies represent a great opportunity to improve this situation. Such technologies, which for the most part are already in existence, have the ability to help drivers make driving safer, more comfortable and more efficient.

Their potential to bring a positive impact to traffic safety and efficiency is well recognised. Yet these technologies have not penetrated the market, largely due to a lack of understanding about the potential benefits to driving behaviour and hence to quality of life. Now is the time to get these technologies into the market and better understood. The key to achieving market penetration is to test technologies in real-life environments. Field Operational Tests (FOTs) are aimed at testing applications which are technologically mature but which are not yet commercially deployed, using ordinary road networks and drivers/users, in order to test market applications and user acceptance of the technologies.

FOTs therefore aim to make a major contribution to the market introduction of and wider uptake for intelligent vehicle systems.

Objectives

The EUROFOT project aimed to make roads safer, more efficient and more comfortable to drive through testing eight intelligent vehicle systems in Europe. These are:

Longitudinal control functions:

  • Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC)
  • Forward Collision Warning (FCW)
  • Speed Regulation System (SRS)

Lateral control functions:

  • Blind Spot Information System (BLIS)
  • Lane Departure Warning and Impairment Warning (LDW & IW)

Advanced applications:

  • Curve Speed Warning (CSW)
  • Fuel Efficiency Adviser (FEA)
  • SafeHMI (Human-Machine Interface).

The analysis of the data gathered in real traffic conditions with selected drivers is expected to highlight several crucial aspects of the tested functionalities. The project mainly addresses the following research issues:

  • What are the performance and capability of the functionalities?
  • How does the driver interact with and react to the functionalities?
  • What are the impacts on safety, efficiency and the environment?
Methodology

During the course of 2009-2010, more than 1 500 vehicles drove across Europe equipped with intelligent vehicle systems. Several operations centres are set-up, as follows:

  • France: Paris (Ceesar)
  • Germany: Aachen/Cologne (Ford), Sindelfingen (Daimler), Munich (BMW and MAN), Ingolstadt (Audi) and Wolfsburg (Volkswagen )
  • Italy: Turin (Fiat))
  • Sweden: Gothenburg (Volvo Cars and Volvo Trucks).

The EUROFOT project has brought together a comprehensive array of organisations to test intelligent vehicle systems across Europe. Car manufacturers, suppliers, universities, research institutes and others stakeholders – in all 28 companies and organisations are involved. The aim: to make road transport safer, more efficient and more pleasant! Ford's European Research Centre in Aachen (Germany) coordinated the project.

Funding

Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)

Results

In June 2012, the EUROFOT consortium published the findings of a four-year study focused on the impact of driver assistance systems in the Europe. The study looked at existing technologies and their potential to both enhance safety and reduce environmental impact. The EUROFOT project revealed a link between these systems and improvements in driver behaviour, fuel efficiency and traffic safety, as well as overall cost savings.

The Key Findings of the project are:

  • Adaptive Cruise Control & Forward Collision Warning: Vehicles equipped with both systems could potentially affect up to 5.7% of the injury accidents on motorways, while trucks could potentially affect up to 0.6% of these accidents. The EUROFOT project concluded that these systems might have a positive effect on the overall crash statistics, for all road types. Additionally, positive indirect effects on traffic efficiency have been identified. Due to the potential reduction of accidents, the annual incidental delay (calculated in lost vehicle hours) could be lowered about more than three million hours on an EU-27 level. The environmental impact, which was measured in terms of fuel consumption, showed a reduction of about 3% percent for passenger cars and 2% for trucks without considering the benefits from changes in traffic efficiency. Drivers participating in the study also noted that these systems were highly appreciated and used. They increased driver comfort and safety.
  • Navigation Systems: Analysis shows that navigation systems are highly accepted and widely used, particularly on long trips on unfamiliar routes. These systems are able to plot a fuel efficient route. The positive effect on driver behaviour is reflected in positive changes in lane keeping behaviour, distance to the lead vehicle and harsh braking events.
  • Blind Spot Information System: Approximately 80% of drivers felt that this system increases safety. It is perceived as most useful on urban roads in heavy traffic. It is not perceived as increasing workload. Most drivers indicated that this system is an important complement to visual checks, rather than as a primary source of information.
  • Speed Regulation System: Over-speeding and harsh braking were reduced when this system was active.
  • Curve Speed Warning: Around 75% of the drivers felt that safety was increased thanks to this system. They also found it most useful while driving on rural roads. Some participants stated that they used it as an indicator and/or to practice

    Innovation aspects

    This is the first large-scale European Field Operational Test on Active Safety Systems. Vehicle manufacturers, automotive suppliers, institutes and other stakeholders have joined forces in a "smart drive" to test various intelligent in-vehicle systems across Europe, with the aim of making our road transport safer, more efficient, and more comfortable.

    Road transport in Europe faces enormous challenges. Demand for personal mobility is increasing, and in the meantime imposing a high cost on society. More than 40 000 people die every year and more than 1.2 million are injured on European roads. In addition, transport emissions threaten our health, negatively affect the environment, and make a significant and growing contribution to climate change, while constant traffic congestion imposes delays and raises costs for every European citizen.

    Field Operational Testing is an effective instrument to test new transport technologies in the real world. It is an excellent way to raise awareness, collect real data, and enhance the take-up of ICT solutions. Field Operational Tests have also proved to be a powerful tool for gaining insight into the way new functions and systems suit the user when operated in a real context. It also provided statistically sound data over a sufficiently long time.

    Such testing has traditionally been carried out at national level. However, there is a growing need to incorporate these tests into a common European framework, to enable sharing and comparing at both European and national level.

    Technical Implications

    The field tests focussed on 8 distinct functions that assist the driver in detecting hazards, preventing accidents and making driving more efficient. More than 1 000 cars and trucks equipped with a range of different intelligent technologies have been tested on European roads. During these field tests, a multitude of sensors and devices have monitored every aspect of individual driver behaviour in real-world traffic conditions. In addition to that, questionnaires have been used to get driver feedback on the usefulness of the various systems. The project has resulted into much insight how intelligent systems suit drivers.

    The vehicle management centres have collected the data from more the test vehicles. These data provide an operational platform.

    Policy implications

    The project aimed at making roads safer, more efficient and more comfortable to drive. The results show a link between these intelligent vehicle systems and improvements in driver behaviour, fuel efficiency, traffic safety and overall cost savings.

    Strategy targets

    • An efficient and integrated mobility system: acting on transport safety
    • Innovating for the future (technology and behaviour): promoting more sustainable development

    Readiness

    For the most part, the technologies under study already exist. They have the ability to help making driving safer, more comfortable and more efficient. These technologies have a positive effect on traffic safety and efficiency. However, they have not penetrated the market. This is largely due to a lack of understanding about their potential benefits. This project makes these technologies better understood by testing them in real-life environments. That is the key and road map to achieve future market penetration.

    The analysis of the data gathered in real-world traffic conditions (with ordinary drivers) highlighted crucial aspects of the intelligent vehicle systems, regarding:

    • the performance and capability of the systems;
    • driver interaction and reaction to the systems;
    • impacts on safety, efficiency and on the environment.

Partners

Lead Organisation
Organisation
Ford Forschungszentrum Aachen Gmbh
Address
SUESTERFELDSTRASSE 200, 52072 AACHEN, Germany
EU Contribution
€1 084 716
Partner Organisations
Organisation
Bmw Forschung Und Technik Gmbh
Address
HANAUER STRASSE 46, 80992 MUENCHEN, Germany
EU Contribution
€386 850
Organisation
European Center For Information And Communication Technologies Gmbh
Address
TORGAUER STRASSE 12-15 EUREF CAMPUS HOUSE 13, 10829 BERLIN, Germany
EU Contribution
€358 890
Organisation
Volvo Bus Corporation
Address
Fästningsvägen 1, 40508 Gothenburg, Sweden
EU Contribution
€901 944
Organisation
Centre Europeen D'etudes De Securite Et D'analyse Des Risquesc.e.e.s.a.r.et D'analyse Des Risques
Address
Rue Des Suisses, 92000 Nanterre, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€688 655
Organisation
Robert Bosch Gmbh
Address
Robert-Bosch Platz, 70839 Gerlingen-Schillerhoehe, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€140 012
Organisation
Volvo Personvagnar Ab
Address
Avd 50090 Hb3S, 405 31 Goteborg, Sweden
EU Contribution
€1 251 427
Organisation
Gie De Recherches Et D'etudes Psa Renault
Address
AVENUE DE LA GRANDE ARMEE 75, 75116 PARIS, France
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Centro Ricerche Fiat - Societa Consortile Per Azioni
Address
Strada Torino, 50, 10043 ORBASSANO (TO), Italy
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€197 500
Organisation
Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek Tno
Address
ANNA VAN BUERENPLEIN 1, 2595 DA DEN HAAG, Netherlands
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€783 785
Organisation
Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen
Address
Templergraben, 52062 Aachen, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€816 314
Organisation
Harman Becker Automotive Systems Gmbh
Address
Becker-Goring Str 16, 76307 Karlsbad, Germany
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Rise Research Institutes Of Sweden
Address
Scheelevägen 27, 22370 Lund, Sweden
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Man Nutzfahrzeuge Ag
Address
Dachauer Strasse 667, 80995 MUENCHEN, Germany
EU Contribution
€542 450
Organisation
Statens Geotekniska Institut
Address
Olaus Magnus Vag 35, 58193 Linkoping, Sweden
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Fundacion Para La Promocion De La Innovacion, Investigacion Y Desarollo Tecnologico En La Industria De La Automocion De Galicia
Address
Poligono Industrial A Granxa 249, 36400 PORRINO PONTEVEDRA, Spain
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€287 100
Organisation
Irion Management Consulting Gmbh
Address
Taegermoosstrasse 10, 78462 Konstanz, Germany
EU Contribution
€41 944
Organisation
Delphi Delco Electronics Europe Gmbh
Address
VORM EICHHOLZ 1, 42119 WUPPERTAL, Germany
EU Contribution
€92 646
Organisation
University Of Leeds
Address
University Rd, Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€210 000
Organisation
Daimler Ag
Address
Mercedesstrasse, 70327 Stuttgart, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€413 750
Organisation
Politecnico Di Torino
Address
Corso Duca Degli Abruzzi, 10129 Torino, Italy
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€342 278
Organisation
Hagleitner Walter
Address
Gablerstrasse 12, 6900 Bregenz, Austria
EU Contribution
€244 800
Organisation
Institut National De La Recherche Sur Les Transports Et Leur Securite
Address
2 Avenue du General Malleret Joinville, 94114 ARCUEIL, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Adc Automotive Distance Control Systems Gmbh
Address
Kemptener Strasse 99, 88131 Lindau/bodensee, Germany
EU Contribution
€56 500
Organisation
Azt Automotive Gmbh
Address
Muenchenerstrasse 89, 85737 Ismaning, Germany
EU Contribution
€83 700
Organisation
Association Of European Railway Industries
Address
avenue Louise 221/11, 1050 BRUSSELS, Belgium
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€865 004
Organisation
Aptiv Services Deutschland Gmbh
Address
AM TECHNOLOGIEPARK 1, 42119 Wuppertal, Germany
EU Contribution
€66 938
Organisation
Institut Francais Des Sciences Et Technologies Des Transports, De L'amenagement Et Des Reseaux
Address
BOULEVARD ISAAC NEWTON 14 CITE DESCARTES 14-20, 77447 MARNE LA VALLEE CEDEX 2, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€349 948
Organisation
Fka Forschungsgesellschaft Kraftfahrwesen Mbh Aachen
Address
Steinbachstrasse 7, 52074 Aachen, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Institute Of Communication And Computer Systems
Address
Patission, 10682 Athens, Greece
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€286 150
Organisation
Julius-Maximilians Universitaet Wuerzburg
Address
SANDERRING 2, 97070 WUERZBURG, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€492 480
Organisation
Volkswagen
Address
Berliner Ring 2, 1894 WOLFSBURG, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€217 646
Organisation
Bundesanstalt Für Strassenwesen (Federal Highway Research Institute)
Address
Brüdenstrasse 53, 51427 BERGISCH GLADBACH, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€143 879
Organisation
Alessandretti Giancarlo
Address
Via G Vecco 25, 10098 Rivoli, Italy
EU Contribution
€192 193
Organisation
Chalmers Tekniska Hoegskola Ab
Address
41296 GOTHENBURG, Sweden
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€2 365 501

Technologies

Technology Theme
Safety systems
Technology
Longitudinal control functions for road safety
Development phase
Implementation
Technology Theme
Safety systems
Technology
Lateral control functions for road safety

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