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Improving the security of traffic infrastructures

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Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Network corridors
Project website
Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Network and traffic management systems (NTM)
Infrastructure (INF)
Transport mode
Airborne icon
Transport policies
Transport sectors
Passenger transport


Background & Policy context

The increasing threat to Western countries and their citizens through terrorist activities since 11.09.2001 has caused an increase in security installations for air traffic. Because of emerging new threat scenarios, more and more security measures such as liquids ban and shoe controls are installed. If it were possible to convert the purely reactive approach into a foreseeable security system, at least in part, this would greatly help passengers and other stakeholders. There might be advantages in terms of security, as well as cost-efficiency and customer comfort. So far, no "proactive" system for security design is developed. SiVe designed such a system and came to a very usable result.


In the project, the following tasks had to be fulfilled:

  1. Enhancing the security of German transport infrastructure through a comprehensive threat analysis with the result of the description and analysis of current and future threat scenarios.
  2. Description and analysis of current and new protection mechanisms (technology and organization) for the early detection of threats and realization of a suitable countermeasures including ethical and economic aspects.
  3. Risk and security-oriented system analysis by the application of new models and methods in the context of a comprehensive simulation-based risk-oriented system analysis with the aim of quantifying the achievable risk reductions and residual risk and assessing the cost-effectiveness of the security solutions.
  4. Development of a collection of methods and models on the basis of an information structure for the risk management of critical infrastructures in order to achieve optimal system solutions for airport security.
  5. Conception and implementation of a prototype as a computer-based expert system for the risk management of critical infrastructures.
  6. Carry-out scenario-based simulation studies and quantitative risk assessments for the validation of the developed overall system

Focus of SiVe (Improving the security of traffic infrastructures) is the systematic analysis, modelling, simulation, computation and evaluation of threat and load scenarios as well as security systems. New risks and threat situations, the increasing complexity of security systems and the commonly employed reactive risk and security management justify an objective assessment of remaining risks and a task-oriented, tool-assisted optimization of these security systems.


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
Federal Ministry of Education and Research, BMBF
Type of funding
Public (national/regional/local)
Funding Source
Federal Ministry of Education and Research


Nowadays, all operators of transport infrastructures have to deal with new risks but also increasingly complex security systems. Based on these developments, an expert system for comprehensive risk management has been developed in the SiVe project. Using the SiVe demonstrator, threat scenarios can be simulated and analyzed as well as cost-benefit analyzes of security systems can be carried-out. Both economic and ethical/cultural values can be taken into account.

Findings of the study are published in detail by several final reports of the project partners (German only) which are available online via the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB):

Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics IML:
" Modeling of security-relevant logistics processes at the airport"

European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company Deutschland (EADS):
" Image processing-based security technologies"

" Decision-based simulation of security processes and their integration"

Bauhaus Luftfahrt e.V.:

Technical University of Munich, Institut für Betriebswirtschaftslehre/Finanzmanagement:
"Quantitative risk assessment as a tool for security planning and risk assessment: Effectiveness of the security management of air traffic infrastructures"

Flughafen München GmbH:

Ckc AG:
" Expert system for the risk management of critical infrastructures"


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


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