Major events cause an especially high traffic volume close to the location of the
event like close to a stadium or all over the inner cities. The organisation of visitor flows in particular in case of unexpected events constitutes a major challenge for transportation and security planning.
The objective of the project TRANSIT was to make helpful traffic information
available to individuals via PDA or mobile phone, so that the optimal route to
a certain place can be taken. TRANSIT does not only consider the local public
transport like the subway, bus or suburban railway but also the private transport
like motor cycle, bicycle, cab or car. These means of transport can be connected intermodally and smoothly.
The research focus of the project was
- to create innovative services for navigating and orienting from the front door to
the location of the event
- to support a smooth intermodal transport
- to improve the data basis for traffic management and the forecasting of
- the personalization of mobile services to enable their efficient application and to
obtain acceptance this way
- the development of appropriate approaches for implementation a pilot test
After considering all test results, the following can be concluded:
During the test phase, the demonstrator did unfortunately not work stably. The overall project was however not threatened because of this. The overall idea of the project is well received by the test subjects (quote: “If the service worked better, it would be very helpful”). The skepticism and critique of the test subjects towards the system is basically rooted in its technical weaknesses. It is assumed, that a stably functioning system could achieve a high degree of acceptance.
The recommendations for redesign collected predominantly refer to the technical implementation of the system. The configuration of the demonstrator is generally not suitable for drivers of a motorized vehicle (car or motor cycle). The instructions of the TRANSIT system were not always received as clear. This has to be improved, so that trust can be developed and be supported in their transport behavior. The image navigation was helpful for the test subjects.
All in all, the concepts and components developed and the experiences made during the project TRANSIT are not only applicable in the context of major events like soccer games. The high potential can be made us of fully, if events were considered that are distributed. Olympic games and world exhibitions represent a perfect application area for the developed services because of their spatial extent and distribution of sports facilities, event locations or exhibition centers.
Findings of the study are published in detail by a final report (German only) which is available online via