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Robots on land, in water and in the air. Promoting intelligent automation in transport services

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Geo-spatial type
STRIA Roadmaps
Connected and automated transport (CAT)
Smart mobility and services (SMO)
Infrastructure (INF)
Transport policies
Societal/Economic issues,
Deployment planning/Financing/Market roll-out,
Environmental/Emissions aspects


Background & Policy context

Robotisation plays a significant part in the rapidly progressing digitalisation development. One of the most startling manifestations of digitalisation is that it will eliminate a large share of the current jobs: The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (Pajarinen & Rouvinen, 2014) estimates that one job out of three will disappear in Finland. A particularly visible role in this development will be played by robotisation: quite a number of tasks performed by humans today will be carried out by means of artificial intelligence tomorrow. As digitalisation progresses, however, it will also result in a classical example of creative destruction: it will produce new jobs in novel types of work of the future. The countries on the front line of digitalisation will also stand to benefit from it the most. Consequently, we should actively strive to be on the leading edge of this development if we wish to hold on to the welfare of our country. Open-minded utilisation of digitalisation is also highlighted as a key factor for improving Finnish competitiveness in Prime Minister Sipilä's Government Programme.

Anything that can reasonably be automated, will be – in transport as well as more
generally in society. What is reasonable automation still remains an open question in this context. To find out, we need experiments of intelligent transport automation in all modes of transport: on land, in water and in the air.


This plan has identified a number of actions aiming to achieve these objectives in
different areas of society. In the following pages, the actions presented above in this plan document have been collected and grouped by subsector. They have not been prioritised, and no order of priority is intended here.


Typical features of a good business ecosystem capable of sustainable growth include many preconditions of fair competition and cultures. A business ecosystem refers to an environment where companies collaborate, compete and create capabilities together around new innovations. These capabilities and resources complement each other, increasing the customer value of the product or the service.

A sector of this type has drivers, technologies, operating methods and even glossaries in common. Many types of useful technical and other infrastructures have been jointly developed for the sector, simultaneously allowing competition between the actors and encouraging many useful applications and requisite interoperability of its components.

Standardisation and legislation are key factors, but not sufficient as such. Competence, operating methods, design tools and platforms for efficiently producing genuine interoperability are needed. When competition, growth and development take place coherently, the sector is accessible for actors both large and small. The process is also facilitated by jointly agreed rules and procedures that support safety, information security and ethical action.


Funding Source
Ministry of Transport and Communications


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


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