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Summary of options for reducing the future climate contribution of aviation through climate-optimised aircraft design

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Geo-spatial type
STRIA Roadmaps
Vehicle design and manufacturing (VDM)
Transport mode
Airborne icon
Transport policies
Societal/Economic issues,
Environmental/Emissions aspects
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport


Background & Policy context

Prognosis for the future development of national and international air transport are forecasting a continuous growth. This increase of air transportation is causing more emissions, which have a negative impact on climate change. For the current aircraft design with its typical operating altitude and travel speed, there is only little potential for further efficiency improvements. There are more and more scientific papers showing that adjustments towards lower operating altitude and lower speed offer great opportunities in efficiency matters.


It is the objective to figure out the opportunities of reducing the emissions of air transport under consideration of noise emissions.

The findings of the study are the basis for the development of reduction targets and regulations in air transportation.


Based on the multitude of available scientific literature the project will collect and evaluate options for reducing climate impacts from commercial air transport. The impacts of low cruising altitudes on environmental noise in that respect will receive particular attention as noise at airports constitutes one of the major obstacles for expanding air services.

The desk top study will collect, combine and assess the available information in a systematic way. Synergies and conflicts of the different aspects of sustainability and economic performance will be considered.


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety; BMUB
Type of funding
Public (national/regional/local)
Funding Source
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB)


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


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