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Sustainable mobility for the last mile in tourism regions

European Union
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Total project cost
€1 524 942
EU Contribution
€1 276 983
Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Smart mobility and services (SMO)
Low-emission alternative energy for transport (ALT)
Transport mode
Multimodal icon
Transport policies
Societal/Economic issues,
Deployment planning/Financing/Market roll-out,
Environmental/Emissions aspects
Transport sectors
Passenger transport


Background & Policy context

When advertising door-to-door accessibility between origin (usually urban areas) and destination (often remote areas), the tourists often facing missing links on the last stretch of the journey, i.e. from the hubs/regional railway station to the final destination.

Public transport is a challenging task in many hinterlands due to different factors that make the operation of regular lines difficult. Beyond that, locations with tourist frequentation are facing a variation in demand depending on seasons. Experiences have shown that a demand-responsive transport system (sharing/pooling/public), embedded in the trunk net of regular public transport, is a thankful enhancement in many cases: to cover the "last mile" in the travel chain of tourists and to provide for the inhabitants an alternative to car use for their daily ways.

While various operational models of intermediate services have been created and tested in several foregoing projects, operators are still confronted with institutional barriers and/or the sustained financing in the long run.


LAST MILE has aimed to find innovative and flexible solutions for sustainable regional mobility systems to ensure that visitors travel the ‘last mile’ of their travel in a sustainable manner, and to provide alternatives to cars for residents and their daily trips as well.


The project focused on the accessibility of transportation on the last link of the travel from origin to destination (so called "last mile"). It collected and analysed solutions to fill this gap with sustainable modes of transport. The project also examined environmental benefits as well as long term resource- and cost-efficiency


Specific funding programme
2014 - 2020 Interreg Europe
Funding Source
European Regional Development Fund


In terms of activities, the project has organised a total of 79 policy learning events. It has also identified 12 good practices, produced 6 action plans and led to the increased capacity of 106 people. In terms of results, the project has succeeded in improving 2 regional development policies for a total amount of funds influenced of EUR 8,085,333.


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
€297 929
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution
€189 656
EU Contribution
€142 832
Club Sustainable Development Of Civil Society Association
UL DOSPAT 28 VH A AP 8, 1463 SOFIA, Bulgaria
EU Contribution
€144 132
EU Contribution
€171 156
EU Contribution
€156 556
EU Contribution
€174 719


Technology Theme
Road and traffic management systems
Transport demand and network model
Development phase
Demonstration/prototyping/Pilot Production
Technology Theme
Information systems
Booking system for on-demand crowd-sourced buses
Development phase
Demonstration/prototyping/Pilot Production

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