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TRIMIS

Traffic Accident Causation in Europe

TRACE

Traffic Accident Causation in Europe

Link to CORDIS:
Background & policy context: 

In support of the eSafety initiative, and as a prerequisite for diagnosis and evaluation of the most promising active safety technologies, the Commission asked for:

  • Research in consistent accident causation analysis to gain a detailed knowledge about the real backgrounds of European traffic accidents using existing data sources.
  • Research to assess the potential impact and socio-economic cost/benefit, up to 2020, of stand-alone and co-operative intelligent vehicle safety systems in Europe.
Objectives: 

TRACE Objectives were:

  • The identification and the assessment (in terms of saved lives and avoided accidents), among possible technology-based safety functions, of the most promising solutions that can assist the driver or any other road users in a normal road situation or in an emergency situation or, as a last resort, mitigate the violence of crashes and protect the vehicle occupants, the pedestrians, and the two-wheelers in case of a crash or a rollover.
  • The determination and the continuous up-dating of the aetiology, i.e. causes, of road accidents (as well as the causes of injuries) and the assessment of whether the existing technologies or the technologies under current development address the real needs of the road users inferred from the accident and driver behaviour analyses.

Scientific Project's Objectives:

The above two main orientations could be subdivided into several scientific objectives:

  1. The definition of Accident Causation was unclear. Many factors influence a country's transportation safety level. These factors concern road safety policy, distribution and crashworthiness of the fleet, road network characteristics, human behaviour and attitudes, travel conditions, environment, etc. These issues were studied for decades and considerable prevention efforts were inferred from the analysis and comprehension of these factors. Nevertheless, further efforts are needed. These factors have to be studied together in order to provide a comprehensive and understandable definition of accident causation at the end of the project.
  2. The second objective was to provide the scientific community, stakeholders, suppliers, the vehicle industry and the other Integrated Safety programme participants with a global overview of the road accident causation issues in Europe, and possibly overseas, based on the analysis of currently available databases which include accident, injury, insurance, medical and exposure data (including driver behavior in normal driving conditions). The aim was to identify, characterise and quantify the nature of risk factors, groups at risk, specific safety-related or risk-related societal issues, specific conflict driving situations and accident situations.
  3. The third objective was to make this overview comprehensive, understandable and operational. Hence all aspects of safety would be taken into account in order to answer the following questions:
Methodology: 

In accordance with the objectives, TRACE was divided into four series of Work packages:

  • The Operational Work packages proposed three different research angles for the definition of accident causation, the quantification of the risk factors, and the evaluation of the effectiveness of safety functions.

    WP1: Road Users;
    WP2: Types of driving and accident situations;
    WP3: Types of risk factors;
    WP4: Evaluation of the effectiveness of safety functions;

  • The Methodologies Work packagesassisted the operational Work packages by providing them with enhanced methodologies especially concerning human factors and statistics. One Work package was also devoted to the listing of existing and potential safety functions and technologies.

    WP5: Human factors;
    WP6: Safety functions;
    WP7: Statistical methods;

  • The Data Supply Work package (WP8) acted as a technical support to the operational WPs. Data from different sources were treated and prepared in this WP in order to feed the other WPs with aggregated data, statistical tables and other material that would be analysed in the operational WPs. Outcomes of this Work Package were continuous.
  • Finally, the Management Work package (WP9) was to lead, manage and monitor the whole project.
Institution Type:
Institution Name: 
European Commission
Type of funding:
Key Results: 

The outcomes of the project were mainly reports, focussing on operational results, methodological aspects, and of course a large set of descriptive and analytic statistics about accident causation.

This research addressed the existing understanding of accident and injury causes, levels and trends through reliable exposure, accident and injury data systems. The project team based its safety diagnosis on available, reliable and accessible existing and on-going databases.

The Project’s research challenges:

  • A Diagnosis of traffic safety problems at the European Level with three research angles (Road Users – Types of Situations –Risk Factors);
  • three kinds of analysis : Descriptive statistics – In-Depth analysis –Risk Analysis;
  • Evaluation of the most promising technologies : ex ante and ex post;
  • Methodological improvements in Human factors Analysis and Statistical Analysis;
  • Rely on a set of various accident and exposure databases.

Project's outcomes:

  • Operational and methodological reports;
  • Descriptive and analytical statistics about accident causation;
  • Qualitative reports on accident causation mechanisms from road user, factor and accident scenario perspectives;
  • Cooperation with other projects (especially eIMPACT and SafetyNet).
Lead Organisation: 

Groupement D'interet Economique De Recherches Et D'etudes Psa Renault

Address: 
AVENUE DE LA GRANDE ARMEE 75
75116 PARIS
France
EU Contribution: 
€0
Partner Organisations: 

Nederlands Organisation For Applied Scientific Research

Address: 
Schoemakerstraat 97
6060 DELFT
Netherlands
EU Contribution: 
€0

Ludwig-Maximilians University Of Munich

Address: 
Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
80539 MUENCHEN
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Technische Universitaet Braunschweig

Address: 
Pockelsstrasse
38106 Braunschweig
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Bundesanstalt Für Strassenwesen (Federal Highway Research Institute)

Address: 
Brüdenstrasse 53
51427 BERGISCH GLADBACH
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Institut National De La Recherche Sur Les Transports Et Leur Securite

Address: 
2 Avenue du General Malleret Joinville
94114 ARCUEIL
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Laboratory Of Technology And Strength Of Materials - University Of Patras

Address: 
Panepistimioupolis Rion
26500 PATRAS
Greece
EU Contribution: 
€0

Elasis S.c.p.a.

Address: 
VIA EX AEROPORTO SN
80038 POMIGLIANO D'ARCO (NAPOLI)
Italy
EU Contribution: 
€0

Idiada Automotive Technology Sa

Address: 
L Albornar
43710 Santa Oliva
Spain
EU Contribution: 
€0

Institut Fuer Angewandte Verkehrs Und Tourismusforschung E.v.

Address: 
KREUZAECKERSTRASSE 15
74081 HEILBRONN
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Volkswagen

Address: 
Berliner Ring 2
1894 WOLFSBURG
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Loughborough University

Address: 
Ashby Road
Loughborough
LE11 3TU
United Kingdom
EU Contribution: 
€0

The University Of Birmingham

Address: 
Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TT
United Kingdom
EU Contribution: 
€0

Centrum Dopravniho Vyzkumu V.v.i.

Address: 
Lisenska 33a
636 00 BRNO
Czech Republic
EU Contribution: 
€0

Azt Automotive Gmbh

Address: 
Muenchenerstrasse 89
85737 Ismaning
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Fundacion Cidaut

Address: 
PLAZA VICENTE ALEIXANDRE CAMPOS 2 PQ TECNOLOGICO DE BOECILLO 209
47151 VALLADOLID
Spain
EU Contribution: 
€0