The key challenge is how to reconcile the increased demand for transport on the one hand and the need to reduce its impact on the physical, social and human environment on the other hand, and how to reduce the transport intensity of economic growth. This key action offers the opportunity to involve all stakeholders in facing this challenge and in enhancing innovation in the transport sector by fostering the use of new technologies, developing new services and providing new concepts and policies. The key action bases itself on an integrated systems approach to transport. As the road, rail, waterborne and air transport modes are at different stages of their development, their optimisation from a modal perspective will continue to be necessary. However, a major focus will be to enhance the integration between the different modes of transport in respect to infrastructure, operations, services, procedures and regulations. In other words, to enhance intermodality in order to enable a better use of existing capacities.
The aim is to ensure the development of fully integrated policy and operational options for an integrated interoperable European rail and road, air and waterborne transport system on a broadly intermodal basis to ensure the mobility of people and goods, while at the same time improving transport efficiency, safety and reliability and reducing congestion and other environmental disbenefits.
The three priority areas are:
- the development, validation and demonstration of rational modal and intermodal transport management systems, including better use of second-generation satellite navigation and positioning systems, and advanced traveller and operator information services,
- research into transport infrastructures and their interfaces with transport means and systems, while reducing any adverse environmental and safety impacts and taking account of accessibility and the integration of regional planning and transport policies,
- the development of technical and socioeconomic scenarios for the sustainable mobility of people and goods.
Key Action 2 (KA2) 'Sustainable Mobility and Intermodality' comprises an overall budget of some EUR 371 million.
Funding conditions as of FP5.