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TRIMIS

Aerospace Nanotube Hybrid Composite Structures with Sensing and Actuating Capabilities

NOESIS

Aerospace Nanotube Hybrid Composite Structures with Sensing and Actuating Capabilities

Call for proposal: 
FP6-2003-AERO-1
Link to CORDIS:
Background & policy context: 

NOESIS exploited the potential offered by Carbon Nano-Tube (CNT) reinforcements and focused on developing novel nano-composite components with enhanced sensing and actuating capabilities. Small loading with conductive additives (1-5% of weight) of nano particles can result in:

  • property enhancements comparable to those caused by conventional loadings (15-40%) of common fillers, and
  • unique value-added properties not normally possible with common fillers.

Added benefits include better processing and reduced component weight.

Objectives: 
  • Formation of CNT structured assemblies embedded into resin systems for sensing/actuating purposes and mechanical performance improvement of one order of magnitude;
  • Conception and implementation of a multi-scale approach for designing nano-composites;
  • Development of a coupled platform for mechanical sensing/actuating performance predictions;
  • Design and fabrication of novel composite materials with increased damage tolerance, fracture toughness increased by 100%, fatigue performance improved by 30%;
  • Design and fabrication of novel composite materials with tailored damping properties and a five-fold increase of damping ratio for low strain;
  • Weight reduction of 10% compared to conventional equivalent CFRP components;
  • Integration, modelling and validation of real-time sensing/actuating systems based on novel structural composite materials with real-time strain monitoring, scaling up of nano-actuation performance of CNTs to macro structures and life monitoring capability.
Methodology: 

The project objectives were achieved by the development of an innovative process for the design and fabrication of tailored CNT structured assemblies into a polymeric matrix, and by linking this process to a multi-scale modelling/simulation approach. It required the implementation of innovative techniques on a manufacturing scale and an understanding of:

  • the characterisation and multi-scale modeling of nano-reinforcements;
  • the fabrication, characterisation and nano-mechanics analysis of nanocomposites; and
  • the correlation of nano-structural factors with functional properties in these nano-composites.

The following activities were carried out:

  • Formation of CNT-structured assemblies embedded into resin systems while retaining sensing/actuating properties and providing the desired mechanical performance (an order of magnitude increase in mechanical properties compared to the state-of-the-art carbon-fibre-reinforced composites);
  • Enhancement of the co-electrospinning process as a pathway to realise this potential by aligning and carrying the CNT in the form of nano-composite fibrils;
  • Conception and implementation of a multi-scale approach for designing nano-composites;
  • Development of a coupled platform for mechanical-sensing/actuating performance predictions;
  • Development of stimuli-response nano-composites as actuators.

The project was organised into six technical Work Packages, a management Work Package, and a dissemination and exploitation Work Package.

Institution Type:
Institution Name: 
European Commission
Type of funding:
Key Results: 

The expected results were novel composite structural components, exhibiting superior damage tolerance properties, tailored damping properties and combining sensing/actuating capabilities. CNTs in a polymer matrix form a percolated network with (i) electromechanical properties sensitive to applied stress, and (ii) an integrity that is measurable and linked to component structural integrity and its life expectancy. Roadmaps for the integration of these actuation technologies in future aerospace structural components were provided.

Lead Organisation: 

Integrated Aerospace Sciencees Corporation (Inasco)

Address: 
Miaouli St., 22
MOSCHATO - ATHENS
Greece
EU Contribution: 
€0
Partner Organisations: 

Israel Aerospace Industries Ltd.

Address: 
Ben Gurion International Airport
Lod 70100
Israel
EU Contribution: 
€0

Ateca

Address: 
Lieu-dit VERLHAGUET
82000 MONTAUBAN
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Fundacion Inasmet

Address: 
Paseo Mikeletegi , Parque Tecnologico Miramon 2
20009 SAN SEBASTIAN
Spain
EU Contribution: 
€0

Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique

Address: 
3 rue Michel-Ange
75794 PARIS
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Laboratory Of Technology And Strength Of Materials - University Of Patras

Address: 
Panepistimioupolis Rion
26500 PATRAS
Greece
EU Contribution: 
€0

Brimalm Engineering Ab

Address: 
Ostergotlands 5
VADSTENA
Sweden
EU Contribution: 
€0

Institut Fur Vebundwerkstoffe Gmbh

Address: 
Erwin-Schrodinger Strasse; Geb.58
KAISERSLAUTERN
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Centro Ricerche Fiat - Societa Consortile Per Azioni

Address: 
Strada Torino, 50
10043 ORBASSANO (TO)
Italy
EU Contribution: 
€0

Weizmann Institute Of Science

Address: 
Herzl St.
REHOVOT
Israel
EU Contribution: 
€0

Arkema S.a.

Address: 
4-8 Cours Michelet - La Defense 10
PARIS LA DEFENSE CEDEX
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Hellenic Aerospace Industry

Address: 
TANAGRA
23 SCHIMATARI
Greece
EU Contribution: 
€0

Technische Universitat Hamburg

Address: 
Am Schwarzenberg Campus 1
21073 Hamburg
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Swerea Sicomp Ab

Address: 
PITEA
Sweden
EU Contribution: 
€0

Sener Ingenieria Y Sistemas

Address: 
AVENIDA ZUGAZARTE 56
48930 GETXO
Spain
EU Contribution: 
€0