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TRIMIS

Cooperative Systems for Road Safety

SAFESPOT

Cooperative Systems for Road Safety

Link to CORDIS:
Background & policy context: 

The growing mobility of people and goods has a very high societal cost in terms of traffic congestion and of fatalities and injured people every year. Several studies have shown that the driver is responsible of more than 90% of accidents, mainly through distraction or misjudgement of the current traffic and environmental situations. Passive and active safety has made formidable progress in the past decades, as well as the communication technologies which can create the leap towards the zero accident vision.

In this context several initiatives at European level started to face the challenge for defining a future safer, greener and more efficient mobility through the use of ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems). During its life time, SAFESPOT established a number of active cooperation in particular with the Car2Car Communication Consortium (C2C-CC), with COMeSafety, and with the integrated projects CVIS and COOPERS that have been running at the same time on complementary activities. The SAFESPOT integrated project created the technological building blocks and the reference applications based on vehicles and infrastructure sensing of the traffic and of the environment and on the creation of ad hoc communication networks among vehicles and with the infrastructure to provide time critical safety information in advance.

Objectives: 

The key to avoiding road accidents is to extend drivers' time/space horizon in their perception of safety-relevant information, and to improve the precision, reliability and quality of this information. The extent of 'perception' of autonomous vehicle-based systems cannot obviously go beyond the operative range of the sensors. Although effective real time awareness of the vehicle's 'surrounding environment' can be achieved, this clearly has limits. Extended coverage is possible only through collaboration between the infrastructure's and the vehicles' sensing abilities. By combining data from roadside sensors and data made available by vehicles in the vicinity, advance knowledge can be gained of potential safety risks, e.g. an icy patch, fog bank, obstacle or accident on the road ahead (but out of sight). The communication of warnings and advice to approaching vehicles (both directly to on-board units and via roadside signals) will provide the extra reaction time necessary to prevent an accident occurring.

One of the main aims of SAFESPOT was to develop a 'Safety Margin Assistant' which will extend 'in space and time' the safety information available to drivers by:

  • using both the infrastructure and vehicles as sources (and destinations) of safety-related information, and definition of an open, flexible and modular communications architecture;
  • developing the key enabling technologies: accurate relative localisation, ad-hoc dynamic networking, dynamic local traffic maps;
  • developing a new generation of infrastructure-based sensing techniques;
  • testing scenario-based applications to evaluate the impacts and end-user acceptability;
  • defining the practical implementation of such systems, especially in the interim period when not all vehicles will be equipped;
  • evaluating the liability aspects, regulations and standardisation issues which can affect implementation: involvement of public authorities from the early stages will be a key factor for future deployment.
Methodology: 

The project, being an Integrated Project, was divided into eight Sub-projects, each addressing a different aspect of the overall goal and, finally, five Test Sites were organised for practical experimentation.

Since the initial project phase all sub-projects have been working together in cross-sub-project working teams on the different topics, to guarantee the consistency and the uniformity of project outcomes. Once installed, this working process and approach has been kept for the whole project time frame.

  • In-vehicle sensing and platform: the SAFEPROBE sub-project

    This sub-project defined which safety related information can be extracted from the vehicle, considering traditional sensors and also innovative ones (like ADAS sensors). A solution for the vehicle platform has been specified and developed, to enable the exchange of this sensing information with other vehicles and the infrastructure, using a data protocol that allows the maximum flexibility and upgradability of the technological solution, keeping into account the requirement of safety applications (low latency time).

  • Infrastructure sensing and platform: the INFRASENS sub-project

    This sub-project identified the safety-related information that can be obtained from the on-road infrastructure, considering traditional sensors and also innovative ones (like wireless micro-sensor networks). A solution for the infrastructure platform has been defined and developed so that this sensing information can be exchanged with the vehicles and the infrastructure, using the same flexible protocol that the in-vehicle platform is using.

  • Innovative technologies: the SINTECH sub-project.

    The key enabling technologies have been developed in this sub-project. Three technologies were foreseen: accurate relative localisation between vehicles (and, in some cases, also infrastructure), local dynamic maps and ad-hoc communication networking among vehicles. All these three technologies have been specified and developed considering the cooperative approach as the basis for the adopted solution. This sub-project provided also substantial inputs to the standardisation process and defined, in cooperation with the C2C-CC, the best candidate communication technology, IEEE.802.11p, to create the network of exchange of safety related time critical information.

  • Cooperative system application vehicle based: the SCOVA sub-project

    This sub-project designed and developed selected

Institution Type:
Institution Name: 
European Commission
Type of funding:
Key Results: 

Each sub-project successfully completed its activity and contributed to the major SAFESPOT achievement, the implementation and validation of the so-called 'safety margin assistant' that can provide drivers with all essential information about a potential risk sufficiently in advance to avoid the need to undertake emergency and risky manoeuvres, having sufficient time to properly react to collision risks.

From a technical viewpoint the most relevant results are the following:

  • Implementation and demonstration of V2V IEEE802.11p based technology, with interoperability demonstrated in three common events;
  • Local Dynamic Maps (LDM) concept definition, implementation and demonstration. This key original result entered as a topic in the ETSI ITS TC standardisation activity;
  • Contribution to the Common European Architecture for cooperative systems;
  • Improvement of positioning accuracy through multi-sensor data fusion;
  • Analysis and experimentation of available and new sensors to be used at infrastructure level. New sensing techniques and wireless sensor networks were analysed;
  • Implementation and demonstration of the following Vehicle based reference applications:
    • Road Intersection Safety
    • Lane Change Manoeuvre
    • Safe Overtaking
    • Head On Collision Warning
    • Rear End Collision
    • Speed Limitation and Safety Distance
    • Frontal Collision Warning
    • Road Condition Status – Slippery Road
    • Curve Warning
    • Vulnerable Road User Detection and Accident Avoidance
  • Implementation and demonstration of the following Infrastructure based reference applications:
    • Speed alert
    • Hazard and incident warning
    • Road departure prevention
    • Intelligent Cooperative Intersection Safety
    • Safety margin for assistance and emergency vehicles.
  • SAFESPOT cooperative systems based reference applications have been developed to face a number of selected representative cases of use and have been successfully tested and validated in a number of test sites located in Italy, Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands, France and Spain.

Moreover, within the BLADE sub-project cost/benefit analyses for a number of applications were performed and possible deployment strategies, including business models, were proposed and analysed. Also the legal framework was analysed.

Finally, three common events ( in

Technical Implications

Many partners of SAFESPOT are members of C2C-CC and participate in the ETSI ITS TC standardisation activity, using the results and experience for further Cooperative systems development.

SAFESPOT technical analyses and results are reported in a large number of public deliverables, downloadable at SAFESPOT Project website.

An overview is contained in the final report, D8.1.1_Final_Report_-_Public_v1.0.pdf, which also includes (in chapter 13) a summary of recommendations for future work.

In order to have a more details it is suggested to consult the following deliverables D8.4.2_Integrated_vehicle_Infrastructure_Platforms.pdf and D8.4.4_SAFESPOT_Applications.pdf describing the basic platform and the applications.

It is also recommended to consult the deliverable D3.5.4_KeyConceptsAndExploitation_v1.2.pdf which includes a detailed description of the LDM.

Policy implications

Road safety is a right for all European citizens and it is a high priority policy for private operators and public authorities. Additionally traffic efficiency and improved environment are felt as urgent needs at European level. SAFESPOT demonstrated that many technical solutions are working. Nevertheless some more steps should be accomplished in order to achieve the real deployment. The key of success is that all stakeholders involved in the next step of deployment should jointly offer a number of functions and services that together can create a sustainable deployment. Commercial customised services combined with traffic efficiency and safety functions can be perceived as an important added value to improve the individual mobility of people and the mobility of goods.

The ratio between technological solutions and costs should become affordable for the different actors for example to install the function on a motorbike or to install the communication services on highways. A sustainable balance should be reached guaranteeing the accessibility of the services and functions at affordable costs.

Lead Organisation: 

Centro Ricerche Fiat - Societa Consortile Per Azioni

Address: 
Strada Torino, 50
10043 ORBASSANO (TO)
Italy
EU Contribution: 
€0
Partner Organisations: 

Kapsch Trafficcom Ab

Address: 
BATALJONSGATAN 10
55110 JONKOPING
Sweden
EU Contribution: 
€0

Volvo Bus Corporation

Address: 
Fästningsvägen 1
40508 Gothenburg
Sweden
EU Contribution: 
€0

Politechnika Warszawska

Address: 
Plac Politechniki 1
00 661 Warszawa
Poland
EU Contribution: 
€0

Autostrada Brescia Verona Vicenza Padova S.p.a.

Address: 
VIA FLAVIO GIOIA 71
37135 VERONA
Italy
EU Contribution: 
€0

Ibeo Automobile Sensor Gmbh

Address: 
FAHRENKROEN 125
22179 HAMBURG
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€0

Ministerie Van Verkeer En Waterstaat

Address: 
Plesmanweg 1
2500 EX DEN HAAG
Netherlands
EU Contribution: 
€0

Fundación Para La Investigación Y Desarrollo En Automoción

Address: 
Parque Tecnológico de Boecillo, P.209, Boecillo
VALLADOLID
Spain
EU Contribution: 
€0

Create-Net (Center For Research And Telecommunication Experimentation For Networked Communities)

Address: 
VIA ALLA CASCATA 56 D
38100 TRENTO
Italy
EU Contribution: 
€0

Peek Traffic B.v.

Address: 
BASICWEG 16
3821 BR AMERSFOORT
Netherlands
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€0

Siemens Ag

Address: 
Wittelsbacherplatz 2
80333 MUENCHEN
Germany
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€0

Telefonica Investigacion Y Desarrollo Sa Unipersonal

Address: 
CALLE EMILIO VARGAS 6
28043 MADRID
Spain
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€0

Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Address: 
Arcisstrasse 21
80333 MUENCHEN
Germany
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€0

Conseil General Des Cotes D'armor

Address: 
11 PLACE DU GENERAL DE GAULLE
22023 SAINT BRIEUC
France
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€0

Tele Atlas N.v.

Address: 
REITSCHEWEG 7 F
5232 BX 'S-HERTOGENBOSCH
Netherlands
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€0

Thomas Miller & Co. Limited

Address: 
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE, 26 CREECHURCH LANE
LONDON
EC3A 5BA
United Kingdom
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€0

Renault Espana Sa

Address: 
CARRETERA DE MADRID KM. 185
47008 VALLADOLID
Spain
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€0

Societe Pour Le Developpement De L'innovation Dans Les Transports

Address: 
RUE DES COSMONAUTES 32
31400 TOULOUSE
France
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€0

Ptv Planung Transport Verkehr Ag

Address: 
Stumpfstrasse 1
76131 KARLSRUHE
Germany
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Lacroix Trafic

Address: 
8 IMPASSE DU BOURRELIER
44800 ST HERBLAIN
France
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Universita Degli Studi Di Genova

Address: 
Via Balbi
16126 Genova
Italy
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€0

Continental Teves Ag & Co. Ohg

Address: 
GUERICKESTRASSE 7
60488 FRANKFURT AM MAIN
Germany
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Compagnie Financiere Et Industrielle Des Autoroutes

Address: 
RUE TROYON 10
92310 SEVRES
France
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Mira Limited

Address: 
WATLING STREET
NUNEATON WARWICKSHIRE
CV10 0TU
United Kingdom
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Regienov

Address: 
Quai Alphonse le Gallo 13/15
92100 BOULOGNE-BILLANCOURT
France
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Centro De Tecnologia De Las Comunicaciones, S.a.

Address: 
CALLE SEVERO OCHOA 2, PARQUE TECNOLOGICO CAMPANILLAS
29590 MALAGA
Spain
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€0

Laboratoire Central Des Ponts Et Chaussees

Address: 
BOULEVARD LEFEBVRE 58
75732 PARIS
France
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Universitaet Paderborn

Address: 
Warburger Strasse 100
33098 Paderborn
Germany
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€0

Business Unit Of Tno Built Environment And Geosciences

Address: 
Van Mourik Broekmanweg 6
2628 XE DELFT
Netherlands
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€0

Mizar Automazione S.p.a.

Address: 
Via Vincenzo Monti
10126 TORINO
Italy
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€0

Centro Studi Sui Sistemi Di Trasporto

Address: 
Corso Re Umberto 30
10128 TORINO
Italy
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€0

Bundesanstalt Für Strassenwesen (Federal Highway Research Institute)

Address: 
Brüdenstrasse 53
51427 BERGISCH GLADBACH
Germany
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€0

Technische Universitaet Chemnitz

Address: 
STRASSE DER NATIONEN 62
09111 CHEMNITZ
Germany
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€0

Daimler Ag

Address: 
Epplestrasse 225
70567 STUTTGART
Germany
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€0

Universidad Politécnica De Madrid

Address: 
Avda. Ramiro de Maeztu, 3
28040 MADRID
Spain
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€0

Association Of European Railway Industries

Address: 
avenue Louise 221/11
1050 BRUSSELS
Belgium
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€0

Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique

Address: 
3 rue Michel-Ange
75794 PARIS
France
EU Contribution: 
€0

Institute Of Communication And Computer Systems

Address: 
Patission
10682 Athens
Greece
EU Contribution: 
€0

Robert Bosch Gmbh

Address: 
Robert-Bosch-Platz1
10 60 50 STUTTGART
Germany
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€0

Magneti Marelli Sistemi Elettronici S.p.a.

Address: 
VIALE ALDO BORLETTI 61/63
20011 CORBETTA
Italy
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Valtion Teknillinen Tutkimuskeskus

Address: 
Vuorimiehentie
1000 ESPOO
Finland
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Deutsches Zentrum Fr Luft Und Raumfahrt E.v

Address: 
Linder Hhe
12489 KLN
Germany
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Centre For Research And Technology-Hellas

Address: 
6th km. CHARILAOU-THERMI ROAD
361 THERMI-THESSALONIKI
Greece
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Navteq

Address: 
De Run 1115
-5503 LB Veldhoven
Netherlands
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Q-Free Asa

Address: 
THONNING OWESENSG 35 C
7044 TRONDHEIM
Norway
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Budapest University Of Technology And Economics

Address: 
Muegyetem rakpart 3.
BUDAPEST
1111
Hungary
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Istituto Superiore Mario Boella Sulle Tecnologie Dell' Informazioni E Delle Telecomunicazioni

Address: 
Via P. C. Boggio 61
10138 Torino
Italy
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Anas Spa

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Via Monzambano 10
100 Roma
Italy
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Piaggio & C S.p.a.

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Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 25
56025 Pontedera
Italy
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Noord-Brabant Provincie

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BRABANTLAAN 1
5216 TV 'S-HERTOGENBOSCH
Netherlands
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Vaegverket

Address: 
ROEDA VAEGEN 1
781 87 BORLAENGE
Sweden
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