This project aims to enhance the current state of knowledge regarding the environmental implications of large-scale electric vehicle deployment in the passenger transport sector in Europe, and to use these insights to provide guidance to policy makers in the promotion or stimulation of optimal deployment pathway strategies.
The project will specifically address the timing of deployment; that is, whether potential widespread deployments should happen in the near term, medium term or long term.
The approach used here requires a mapping of future personal transport modes and travel activities, as well as of the future European electricity mix. By combining existing transport and power market models with life cycle assessment methodology, we determine the environmental impact of future electrical vehicles and electricity. These results will then be combined to model future transport scenarios. These scenarios can then be used to determine the optimal timing for a mass deployment of electrical vehicles.