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TRIMIS

Human Machine Interaction and the Safety of Traffic in Europe

HASTE

Human Machine Interaction and the Safety of Traffic in Europe

Background & policy context: 

The aim of HASTE (Human Machine Interface And the Safety of Traffic in Europe) is to develop methodologies and guidelines for the assessment of In-Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS). To date, there have been attempts to provide manufacturers and testing authorities with a set of guidelines to assess the likely impacts of IVIS on the driving task, usually in the form of a checklist. Such checklists provide a tool that enables the identification of likely problems but they do not attempt to quantify safety problems.

Objectives: 
  • to identify traffic scenarios in which safety problems with an IVIS are more likely to occur
  • to explore the relationships between task load and risk in the context of those scenarios
  • to understand the mechanisms through which elevated risk may occur in terms of distraction and reduced Situation Awareness
  • to identify the best indicators of risk (accident surrogates)
  • to apply the methods devised to evaluating real systems
  • go recommend a pre-deployment test regime that is both cost effective and possesses the validity to predict performance
  • to recommend an approach for the preliminary hazard analysis of the HMI of an IVIS concept or design, including issues related to reliability, security and tamper proofing.
  • to supply a validated methodology for preliminary hazard analysis of IVIS HMI supported by case studies.
Methodology: 

The project is devided in workplans consisting of a Methodological Phase (months 0-6), an Experimental Phase (months 9-24) and a Validation Phase (months 25-34). Seven WorkPackages have been developed. The function of each is distinct, but provides outputs relevant to other WPs.

Institution Type:
Institution Name: 
European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport (DG TREN)
Type of funding:
Key Results: 
  • It is possible to devise an efficient and effective test regime for assessing the safety of interaction with an in-vehicle information system (IVIS) while driving.
  • the major constituents of a recommended test regime have been defined.
  • visual distraction and cognitve distraction from the use of IVIS have very different impacts on the primary task of driving
  • static performance on an IVIS does not reliably predict deynamic performance.
  • there are severe problems for elderly drivers using IVIS while driving.

 

Technical Implications

There are still some substantive issues to be examined in order to fully specify a test regime:

  • coring and weighting issues
  • test re-test reliability
  • applying the HASTE protocol to the older driver
Partners: 

Canada:
Transport Canada (TC)

Finland:
Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT)

Portugal:
Universidade do Minho (UNM)

Sweden:

Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Volvo Technolgy Corporation

The Netherlands:
Human Factors Research Institute (TNO), Delft University of Technology

United Kingdom:
Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds; MIRA Ltd

Organisation: 
University of Leeds - ITS
Address: 
University Road
Zipcode: 
LS2 9JT
City: 
Leeds
Contact country:
Telephone: 
(+44) 113 343 53 25
Fax Number: 
(+44) 113 343 53 34