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TRIMIS

UltraFast wind sensOrs for wake-vortex hazards mitigation

PROJECTS
Funding
European
European Union
Duration
-
Status
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Other
Total project cost
€6 276 565
EU Contribution
€4 463 215
Project Acronym
UFO
STRIA Roadmaps
Vehicle design and manufacturing (VDM)
Transport mode
Airborne icon
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport

Overview

Call for proposal
FP7-AAT-2012-RTD-1
Link to CORDIS
Background & Policy context

UFO research works will address a wide range of innovative technologies through studies of new Ultra Fast Lidar/Radar Wind & EDR (Eddy Dissipation Rate for turbulence) monitoring sensors, usable for Wake-Vortex Hazards Mitigation, but also for severe Cross-Wind, Air Turbulence and Wind-Shear.

Objectives

The UFO project aims at ensuring aviation safety at current high standards or even better, regardless of air transport growth, through Wake-Vortex Advisory Systems improvement, in connection with SESAR P12.2.2 project.

Methodology

Constrained by high update rate and accuracy requirements needed for wind measurements, 2D electronic scanning antenna technology based on low cost tile will be explored for X-band radar through a development of a tile mock up as well as a new high power laser source of 1.5 micron Lidar 3D scanner with higher power.

In addition, new design tools will be developed through simulators, able to couple Atmosphere models with Electromagnetic, Radar and LIDAR models. In parallel, advanced Doppler signal processing algorithm will be developed and tested for 3D wind field and EDR monitoring, including the algorithm for the resources management of the different sensors. Comparison with already existing sensors as C band meteorological radar and S band ATC radar, but also ADS-B Downlink will be studied.

Calibration of the ground sensors (Lidar, X band radar, C band radar with ADS-B datalink) and the simulators will be achieved through a set of experimental trials in Munich and Toulouse. In Toulouse, an aircraft equipped with airborne probes will enable in situ comparison.

Funding

Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
The European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)

Results

Innovative sensors to tackle turbulence

Airports need to operate at a high level of efficiency during various adverse meteorological conditions and weather hazards. An EU initiative aimed to improve safety by mitigating the impact of weather on aviation.

Weather dependent separation (WDS) maintains high safety levels, increases airport arrival and departure capacity, and lessens delays by optimising aircraft spacing. It reduces or suspends wake separations by considering all weather conditions and wake vortex behaviour. WDS requires weather measurements and a forecasting algorithm to predict future atmospheric conditions. The minimum separation distance is computed based on this forecast, which allows for a certain amount of uncertainty. For safety reasons, this uncertainty is offset by a safety buffer in the separation.

The EU-funded http://www.ufo-wind-sensors.eu/ (UFO) (Ultrafast wind sensors for wake-vortex hazards mitigation) set out to reduce this safety buffer by improving weather measurements and forecasting through advanced sensors.

The UFO team developed new ground-based, ultra-fast remote sensors. These can be used to deal with wake vortex hazards and severe crosswind, air turbulence and wind shear.

Project partners developed new design tools such as simulators, as well as created an advanced Doppler signal processing algorithm. They also compared existing sensors.

The sensors, simulators and algorithms were tested and validated at the Munich and Toulouse airports. In addition, researchers introduced WDS of aircraft and proposed how it can be used.

UFO foresees two main benefits. It should reduce the safety buffer, leading to less runway queuing delays. Also, by improving the performance of the wake vortex monitoring system, the probability of encountering a wake vortex is reduced.

Partners

Lead Organisation
Organisation
Thales Las France Sas
Address
AVENUE GAY LUSSAC 2, 78990 ELANCOURT, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€519 774
Partner Organisations
Organisation
Universite Pierre Et Marie Curie
Address
Place Jussieu,4, 75252 PARIS, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€126 000
Organisation
Stichting Centrum Voor De Ontwikkeling Van Transport En Logistiek In Europa
Address
Van Nelleweg 1, 3044 BC Rotterdam, Netherlands
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€363 750
Organisation
Deutscher Wetterdienst
Address
Frankfurter Strasse 135, 63067 Offenbach Am Main, Germany
EU Contribution
€353 496
Organisation
Universite Catholique De Louvain
Address
Place De L Universite 1, 1348 Louvain La Neuve, Belgium
EU Contribution
€414 480
Organisation
Technische Universitaet Braunschweig
Address
Pockelsstrasse, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€362 760
Organisation
Office National D'etudes Et De Recherches Aerospatiales
Address
CHEMIN DE LA HUNIERE, 91120 PALAISEAU, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€254 948
Organisation
Deutsches Zentrum Fr Luft Und Raumfahrt E.v
Address
Linder Hoehe, 51147 KOELN, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€291 066
Organisation
Thales Las France Sas
Address
AVENUE GAY LUSSAC 2, 78990 ELANCOURT, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€474 410
Organisation
Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut-Knmi
Address
Utrechtseweg 297, 3731 GA De Bilt, Netherlands
EU Contribution
€401 003
Organisation
Leosphere
Address
Rue De Monceau 76, 75008 Paris, France
EU Contribution
€505 285
Organisation
Technische Universiteit Delft
Address
STEVINWEG 1, 2628 CN DELFT, Netherlands
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€396 244

Technologies

Technology Theme
Safety systems
Technology
Wake management
Development phase
Research/Invention

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